I believe that immaturity, not malice, nor cowardice is the driving force behind David’s actions. David repeatedly shows his youth throughout the novel. David is good at many things, and even possesses greatness at others, but he truly shines in one action-running. He runs in the morning from the boy he spent the night with at 15 years, he runs from his father, he runs from his country, he runs from his desires, he runs from loneliness, he runs from commitment, and most importantly he runs from his responsibilities. I believe David’s insidious need to be free from responsibility is a direct result of his childhood. David grew up an orphan. His mother had died and he never had a real father. He grew up with two older characters that spun his morals so far out of whack that he grew up to be an incomplete person. David’s upbringing fostered this constantly raging struggle within him. David wants to escape responsibility while also being forgiven for his running. The tragedy lies in the fact that he cannot achieve one without abandoning the other. Towards the beginning of the novel, David is in the hospital after crashing his car while drunk. He looks to his father for guidance but instead receives a pass (get out of jail free card), a pass easily awarded and containing no merit. David’s father cannot grant David true forgiveness and David cannot truly accept it. From this moment, he lives out his life drunkenly driving until he crashes into the righteousness of Giovanni’s pole, hehe.