argument: upon researching, we are inclined to argue that each of these debates had an effect on voter decisions, although not as significant as many assumed. The impact was mostly related to the demeanor and behavior each candidate portrayed while on stage answering questions.  The simplicity and wording of their answers and debate styles had a positive effect on swing voters.  (to be refined)


Not many people are familiar with the sounds of the ocean, 100 miles from shore, and the sound of reels screaming while tuna fishing out there. I will be producing a short audio recording from one of my tuna trips out of the eastern tip of Long Island (have some of them on video).  I will be using my mac, and the software is audacity. This approach to story telling can offer a very “real” experience of a certain event and the listeners may be able to get a better thrill hearing this aspect rather than reading about it or seeing pictures.

instigators update [entry-title]

“What effect did the debates have on, specifically, the 1960, 1992, and 2012 presidential election outcomes?”

site map


To analyze data we gather, tools such as wordle, fusion tables, polls included on our site, and maps will be used to help in support of answering our question.

Assets: debates.org , pewresearch.org , gallup.com, 270towin.comhttp://www.clintonlibrary.gov/, whitehouse.gov, Presidential debates (novel by Alan Schroeder)



The above link is a map displaying areas of poverty and the severity of poverty throughout the country. It allows users to notice trends and areas of more wealth. We can make conclusions such as how the north tends to have less poverty than the southern parts of the country.   I recommend visiting the site at which i found this because it has many representations of economic data.  site


[googlemaps https://maps.google.com/maps/ms?msa=0&msid=203360412770657242127.0004cc5836f0faedca76a&ie=UTF8&t=m&ll=39.783213,-82.65564&spn=0.50656,0.878906&z=10&output=embed&w=640&h=480]
Google mymaps is a great tool for our group, instigators, to use towards our project. After using it I was impressed with the ability to pinpoint locations and it seemed relatively easy to navigate and save the work.
This could be an essential tool for our group because we are focusing on a particular state’s voting behavior in regard to the debates. We can display all the polling areas in a state and as I did, by county. I would like to gain experience with google fusion tables in the future because I think that could also be a huge asset for our project.


Throughout the process of gathering information and data to help support our argument concerning debates on voter behavior, text mining will be pertinent.  Going through large amounts of numbers and words to grab and portray what is important and what is essential for the project is the basis of text mining.  Many broadcast companies now have a system which they give a room full of undecided voters a device to grasp their emotions and reactions to what the candidates are saying.  Word by word, topic by topic, we can understand what ideas presented affect this group of people.  It is either positive, negative or no response- such as if the moderator is speaking.  Digging through these numbers could help us convey our argument.  Making a correlation between what a candidate says, to how people react, to then the numbers at the polls could be attained by text mining. It would be important to understand how many people are actually studied with these devices and how much it actually represents the general public or those who are all undecided.  I believe these studies have large amounts of numbers and information that can help us make direct correlations to election day results. I am a little unsure as to how we actually will attain these numbers and what programs are used to get the pertinent data.


Robert Kennedy’s Day of Affirmation Address


  • The artifact was created by the JFK Presidential Library and Museum
  • Artifact was created June 6, 1966
  • The artifact was created at the University of Capetown, Capetown, South Africa
  • The document was created as an affirmation address and discussed liberty and civil rights in the US.
  • It is a primary source because it is a direct recording of Robert Kennedy as he gave the speech and saved by the JFK museum, a reliable source
  • The source is trustworthy, as it saved in a historical museum which is highly acclaimed and located in Boston, MA.
  • I would ask how it influenced the Democratic presidential race and what his oppositions views were to some of the ideas presented

The 68 election was crucial for the future of the United States. Robert Kennedy was a proud American who advocated civil rights and individual liberty.  “A land which was once the importer of slaves, and now must struggle to wipe out the last traces of that former bondage. I refer, of course, to the United States of America.” This phrase from Kennedy in his speech illustrates his vision of eliminating cruel treatment and unjust actions towards the slaves and anything related to the matter. The topic of discrimination overshadowed our culture and was a very important conflict to be dealt with in the sixties.  I would strive to hear the opinions and thoughts of other politicians regarding the same conflict and how they opposed or paralleled Kennedy. I would search other databases and ask historians who specialized in this conflict to gain more information. Speeches and documents written by political campaigns and leaders would be a good place to start. I would seek to find what actions Kennedy took while he was a politician to defend his words and how it affected the conflict. Agendas pursued and policies created would expose how much influence Kennedy had as well as the opinions of our common public and Americans.  I would like to read news articles from different perspectives that could help uncover the impact Kennedy had on ridding discrimination while he was a politician. It is unfortunate that Robert Kennedy was assassinated during his campaign for president. His ideas and personality would have been a great benefit to our society going forward.

Another Kennedy Murdered: Negative impact on 1968 election [entry-title]

Database: AP Images


Above is an image of Robert Kennedy meeting with colleagues while he was US attorney general.  Years later he ran as a democrat for a presidential seat.


Database: The Wall Street Journal (1889-1994)

Source: http://search.proquest.com/hnpwallstreetjournal/docview/133434913/1395AD39F94679C7D2E/2?accountid=8500

This Wall Street Journal article was published in 1969 and it conveys the ideas and opportunities that we had been deprived of after the passing of Robert F Kennedy.  He was a talented politician who many believed would have become president before he was assassinated.


Database: The New York Times (1851-2008)

Source: http://search.proquest.com/hnpnewyorktimes/docview/118473235/1395AC711AF43337AB6/21?accountid=8500

The above article from the New York Times shows a mourning Mrs. Kennedy at the Arlington National Cemetary. This is a good example of the large media coverage and magnitude of the assassination of RFK. At a time in which our country was undergoing great changes and conflict it was a huge loss of a popular candidate.


Upon entering the DS106 site, I found it a bit overwhelming with so many different options and aspects of the site to explore. But after some use with it I became comfortable.  The participants view the commons as a shared space that we can all use and which better us in the advancement of learning and sharing digital pieces. The site is like the center of a web that branches out and displays information and art from all over. There were many mashups and the underlying theme was ART.  In terms of entering these pieces of art onto the site, http://ds106.us/handbook/blogging/ ,seemed to be of great use and help for participants.  It grazes over the importance of including a url back to where you attained certain pieces, which is important in regard to fair-use.   As Phillip mentioned in his post, I did find it a bit similar to our Digital History site in the sense that we are both collaborating with each other in a digital way to explore the web, share art, and at the same time take a class!   In the future we will be seeing many more sites and networks similar to this.


Upon using this tool I find it helpful that we can work as a group and collaborate to come up with precise decisions and examples regarding the words assigned. I defined the word quality and used an example of a falsified picture from the article we read.  I am looking forward to being able to collaborate with classmates to come up with new ideas and ways to look at digital history.