First Reflective Annotated Bibliography

Part 1: Bibliographic Entry

Schwartz, Stephen. “Islamophobia: America’s new fear industry.” Phi Kappa Phi Forum, vol. 90, no. 3, 2010, p. 19+. Gale Academic OneFile 


Part 2: Background & Credibility of Author & Source 

Steven Schwartz, author of “Islamophobia: America’s new fear industry,” is a very influential writer with over 20 books published regarding Islam and the role of terrorism. His writings are successful and popular throughout different levels of education. Steven Schwartz is also the executive director of the Center for Islamic Pluralism, which is a nonprofit international network of moderate Muslim journalists, intellectuals, clerics, and activists, located in Washington, D.C.

The reason for choosing this source is because the content is very captivating and it adheres to the influential topic which will be discussed later on in the form of an argumentative essay. 


Part 3: Précis

The primary claim that author Steven Schwartz makes within this article is rather interesting. The author emphasizes the fact that Islamophobia has inevitably grown as a result of the terrorist attack that occurred on September 11th, 2001. People following the religion of Islam have received nothing but torture, prejudiceness, and in some very disheartening instances, violent attacks, all for their religious beliefs. Schwartz argues that such bigotry was developed from this one incident. He claims that people were aware of this religion decades before 9/11 and is appalled as to why people believe they have the right to belittle someone based off of the actions of someone they shared a religion with. For example, he stated, “Knowledge of the religion of Islam was sparse; most Americans seemed to have discovered the existence of Islam and Muslims in the aftermath of one day of fear nine years ago.” He urges his readers to think about how this racism and prejudice developed from one disastrous incident that innocent people had no involvement in. 


Part 4: Reflection

To my surprise, with this article being published only nine years after 9/11, the information Steven Schwartz stated remains very much accurate. I do however, disagree with the argument provided. My argument is simply the fact that Islamophobia is not a pervasive topic of interest while it should be. I’ve observed many instances of such distasteful bigotry take place for my Muslim friends. It truly is heartbreaking to know that someone can judge you and use their words to deteoritate you all for an act that occurred before even being born. Overall, this article does indeed provide the meaning and depth of Islamophobia and how the religion is often misinterpreted, which I do agree with. 


Part 5: Quotables

“Even if it has not taken hold over the American imagination, Islamophobia remains a problem for the West as well as for Muslims, in that it leaves Americans ignorant of the real situation in the Islamic world, and cuts the West off from potential allies in defeating radical Islam. I do not propose to enumerate, review, and refute the better-known Islamophobes, for a simple reason (beyond the obvious one that they don’t deserve recognition by name)” (1).

“Notwithstanding this melange of denial and defiance and hysteria, Islamophobia is a reality that abolishes distinctions between the small minority of Muslims engaged in terrorism” (1).


2 thoughts on “First Reflective Annotated Bibliography

  1. Hi, Alicia! I think you did a great job with choosing this particular topic, as racism is a prevalent issue today, yet you decided to be very specific about the type of racism. This topic needs to be addressed more, so I also suggest that you use more recent sources as well. This will convey how Islamophobia is still an ongoing and prevalent issue that harms the Muslim community.

  2. you did a great job summarizing the article and explainingt hat the author explains islamophobia perfectly so even though you do not agree with his argument you are still able to pull information from the article that will help you build your essay and your argument.

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