RefAnnBib: The Anti-France Movement in Response to Islamophobia

Part 1: Bibliographic Entry:

Erlanger, Steven. “Muslim Countries Denounce French Response to Killing of Teacher, Urge Boycott.” The New York Times, The New York Times, 27 Oct. 2020,

Part 2: Background & Credibility of Author & Source

Steven Erlanger: He is currently the chief diplomatic correspondent in Europe for the New York Times since 2017. He graduated from the Taft School in Watertown, Connecticut and received a Bachelor’s of Arts degree from Harvard College back in 1974, majoring in political philosophy. Erlanger has published articles in many news outlets including: The Economist, The New Statesman, The New Republic, The Financial Times,  The Spectator, and many more. He had also won the 2017 Pulitzer Prize for his international reporting on a series about Russia, as well as the 2002 Pulitzer Prize for his reports on the event of 9/11 and Al Qaeda. 

Muslim Countries Denounce French Response to Killing of Teacher, Urge Boycott 

news article; Erlanger seems like a credible writer, especially with this topic of discussion being relatively new and there are many other sources with similar writings on this issue. Being that he has been writing for many different news outlets and has actually won a couple of Pulitzer Prizes, I’m able to rely on this source as authentic and factual. 

Reasoning for choosing this source: influential, concerning, and represents global current events

Part 3: Précis 

Erlanger describes the ongoing conflicts between France and other Muslim-majority countries concerning a young Muslim who beheaded a French teacher for showing caricatures of Prophet Muhammad, a highly respected and influential leader and spreader of the Islamic faith. Erlanger mentions the terrorist attacks that have taken place in France for the last 8 years, including hyperlinks as their source of evidence. He also writes of the anti-France movements across the globe in countries like Bangladesh, Turkey, Dhaka, Pakistan, Qatar, Kuwait, and many others after the president of France, Emmanuel Macron, suggested that Islam is in “need of an Enlightenment” and even went as far to post these caricatures of Prophet Muhammad all over billboards in France. Enlanger includes quotes from the president of Turkey, Recep Tayyip Erdogan responding to Macron’s statements, writing “Macron needs mental treatment. What is the problem of this person Macron with Muslims and Islam?” (4). Enlanger also brings up quotes from the prime minister of Pakistan, Imran Khan, who says “This is a time when President Macron could have put healing touch & denied space to extremists rather than creating further polarization & marginalization that inevitably leads to radicalization. By attacking Islam, clearly without having any understanding of it, President Macron has attacked & hurt the sentiments of millions of Muslims in Europe & across the world.”(8). He goes on to quote other leaders of Muslim-majority countries, clearly showing the amount of animosity towards Macron’s statements and actions to be put in place in the near future. 

Part 4: Reflection 

This article certainly provides clear evidence of the way media portrays Islam in today’s society, being that the title of the article itself is attention-grabbing. The writer’s use of yellow journalism in its title can lead one to automatically make assumptions and become biased in the case of the young Muslim who had beheaded a teacher for their caricatures. This article, being that it is current news of today, can be used to speak volume on the issue that Islamophobia does exist and is an ongoing conflict globally. The fact that Macron’s approach to this issue is to reconstruct the Islamic faith and deeming it as dangerous and vile to society further enhances how stereotyping of Muslims play a major role in our lives today, and although this news article does not focus on these points, these are the arguments I’m able to draw out from this situation.

One thought on “RefAnnBib: The Anti-France Movement in Response to Islamophobia

  1. I think this article could gateway into orientalism (if you’re still thinking about going that route in a way) very easily. The fact that France is using billboards to spread hate is something you can talk about. The title itself is an example of it as well and is misleading. You can even tie this into the structure of media, how it is run on clicks and clickbait headlines. How news media is a business and how the people that run those businesses prioritize money and clicks over substance and truth. Maybe ask why Macron takes this approach. What in his life has happened that led him to make the decisions that he makes? Whether he is right or wrong, studying why would probably lead to interesting results that may be useful to your research.

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