One change that occurred during World War 1 that did not take place in any of the previous wars was the Selective Service Act. The Selective Service Act was passed by congress in May 1917 and required twenty-four million men between the ages of eighteen and forty-five to register for the draft. With the Selective Service Act, the United States entered the war with five million men which was a drastic growth. Foner does not give a thorough coverage of the Selective Service Act. He states when it was implemented and its result but nothing more.
1. What were penalties for the men who refused to respond to the draft?
2. Since even the wealthy were mandated to participate in the draft and weren’t allowed to buy their way out, were they treated any differently then the poor with what duties were assigned?