Contemporary Latin American Fiction

Asynchronous Blog Post on I’m No Longer Here

In Monterrey, Mexico, a young street “gang” spends their days dancing to slowed-down cumbia and attending parties. After a mix-up with a local cartel, their leader Ulises is forced to migrate to the U.S. but struggles to find his way in a foreign land and quickly longs to return home.

ASYNCHRONOUS BLOG POST (Deadline: 11/08 before the class)

Instructions:

1. Watch the Netflix film I’m No Longer Here (Fernando Frías, 2019)

2. In the comment section down below answer ONE of the following prompts (2oo-words minimum).

OPTION ONE

I’m No Longer Here suggests that once you migrate it’s impossible to reproduce your homeland and more so to really return to your place of origin. Expand on this idea by referring to the journey of the protagonist, Ulises.

OPTION TWO

Compare the two major cities and neighborhoods represented in the film: Monterrey and New York. How do Ulises experiences poverty and community differently in each of these spaces?

OPTION THREE

Discuss the importance of costume, hair, and sound design in I’m No Longer Here. Why do you think these particular elements are central to telling the story and presenting the cultural identity of the characters and their Cumbia sub-culture?

OPTION FOUR

Respectfully interact with ONE of your classmates’ responses. Do you agree with their arguments and interpretations? Do you disagree? What other observations about I’m No Longer Here do you want to bring to the discussion?

26 thoughts on “Asynchronous Blog Post on I’m No Longer Here”

  1. Option 1 – When Ulises migrated to the US, it had become impossible for him to reproduce his homeland and return to his place of origin. On Ulises’ journey in the US, one thing that I noticed was that the music that Ulises listened to and was favored by himself and his gang (slowed down cumbia) in Mexico was not nearly as liked or accepted here. In the US, he had to find a way to make a living on his own which meant dancing in subways for money and sneaking into the roof of a building for shelter and a place to sleep at night. A major difference between Ulises in Mexico versus in the US/NYC was the language barrier between him and Lin. Lin was the character who showed the most interest in Ulises and wanted to understand him better, however neither of them understood each other’s language. Towards the beginning, it was ethically wrong that Lin’s friend was mistranslating the conversation between the two and then again when Lin lied to Ulises about what she was talking about with her friends at the party. At parties back in Mexico, Ulises wouldn’t have felt lost nor disconnected with the people there. Everything from music, dancing, spoken language, hustling, etc. proved to be a challenge for Ulises due to the unfamiliarity and trying to make a living by himself without knowing where to start.

    1. I agree. Although many might say it is nearly a replica of their hometown it is nowhere near. You will always find yourself looking for that missing piece and although you won’t admit it you will to yourself. Ulises had a hard time with English and like everyone who comes here and it is not their first language. Even though that was a barrier and many others he oversaw those and continued to keep to himself. Himself and his friends who shared the same background, people who he can be around. Therefore it is nearly impossible to replicate the hometown because you have only people around you who share similarities but not everything is the same. Also seen with his friends as Priya has mentioned. He is used to his friends at home who know him and who have been his friends for the longest. Coming to a new country and making new friends is hard and that’s one thing about home, your friends and family will always stay as so.

    2. Expanding on your point of language barrier… Language, or better yet a community that understands him (his form of speaking) was definitely something hard for Ulises to find. Other Spanish speakers (his first roommates) were unwelcoming of Ulises and his identity. They mocked his slang, his appearance, his dance culture. This was his first real experience being outcasted in NY. Chased and later beaten for standing for his culture made it more difficult for him to accept his new environment. As you mention, Lin’s friend failed as a translator, only speaking on his own judgements of the situation and these two (Ulises & Lins) relationship. While at times you can hear Ulises try to use English, later in the film as he feels more and more detached from forming a lasting community in NY, he gives up trying to communicate in English. This is seen in his refusal to say the English words in his book to Lin when she continued to try and communicate with him through the book. Lin at the end also gets tired of trying to include Ulises in the NY culture by lying to him at the party. Her interest in him was superficial as she gave him a book to communicate with her on things she wanted to know, over trying to help him find stability in this foreign land. A couple times in the film, the chance for opportunity was taken away from Ulises as he did not understand the English speakers; the photographer & the cop at his street performance. These interactions left him clueless to his surroundings as people witnessing- that could speak Spanish- did not involve themselves to help him. In Mexico, in his community, there was always someone looking out for Ulises, (the drunk man who warned about the cops, the merchants, his crew, the main gang-> Pelons) but in New York, help was always superficial. Ulises, a name that come from the Odyssey, (latin version- means To Hate) was about a man on his 10 year jouney back home. Here, this movie was on Ulises leaving home, and being no one. He only experienced coldness, and pushed away by family, he must have felt hated. His journey was one of being stuck away from home.

  2. In “I’m No Longer Here” Ulises, the main character, experiences poverty in both New York and Monterrey. Despite the fact that he remains poor throughout the film the poverty he experiences in the two cities is very different. In Monterrey Ulises is poor with his community which is made up of his gang and his neighborhood. He and his gang, the Terkos, spend their days dancing together and hanging out. Ulises and the Terkos share everything like the walkie-talkie they stole from the police. The Terkos also struggle together to save enough money to buy a MP3 player for themselves. In Monterrey, Ulises and his whole neighborhood are poor together. They know each others’ families, and know that every gang is part of the “star” that makes up Monterrey. In New York, Ulises experiences poverty different. Despite the fact that Lin tries to befriend Ulises, they can’t really communicate because they don’t know the others’ language. And even though Lin is interested in Ulises, she does not really understand him or have the same priorities as him. In addition, Ulises does have roommates that speak Spanish and struggle with poverty like him, he eventually gets fed up with their bullying. In Monterrey, Ulises has a neighborhood of people that know him and visa versa. In New York, he knows nobody or the language. His alienation is emphasized in the scenes where he is terrified by the police, and homeless people. In “I’m No Longer Here”, we see how poverty is different when someone has a community and when someone is isolated.

    1. Hi Christi,

      I completely agree that the poverty Ulises experiences in the U.S. and in Mexico are completely different. It was apt of you to point out that in Mexico, Ulises, while still poor, is surrounded by members of his community, and that there is a strong sense of camaraderie between him and his friends. Meanwhile, in New York, Ulises is both monetarily and spiritually poor. He is alienated by various barriers: culturally, linguistically and even musically. For me, that aspect of the movie, wherein Ulises is sort of shamed for liking Cumbia felt far-fetched. Who doesn’t like Cumbia? The saddest, more touching parts of the movie we’re his interactions with Lin, in my opinion. Despite obviously having a deep connection, the two were unable to fully explore the potential of their dynamic because of the language barrier. In the end, I was happy to see him return to Monterey, even if the gangs were now controlling so many aspects of the city, because at least Ulises would be back with his tribe.

      1. I agree with both Christy and Jaz, in the movie, I’m No Longer Here, Ulises is the main character who had to migrate to the states because of his run-in with a gang in his home town Monterrey. His being in the United States was challenging because of the language barrier and his not understanding what people are saying and his trying to figure out how to communicate with the people around him. You guys pointed out that he was poor in Mexico but being that he was poor since he grew up in that community, he still knew how to navigate his life around his circumstances and adapt. While when he went to the United States, he instantly felt out of place because the people he went to work with made fun of his hair and clothes and kicked him out. He loved to dance kolombiana Cumbia which no one knew that much about or seemed to be interested in. The only person trying to attempt couldn’t even speak great Spanish so he was constantly lonely to the point where he begged his mom to come back even though they were trying to kill him in his hometown.

    2. How sad is it that there exists people who actually go to the means of abusing and making fun of people just because they don’t speak the same language? In this case Lin abuses of the trust that Ulises gives her and makes fun of him in a lot of aspects starting by the fact that she lies about the conversation had with her friends at the party. Which is why I completely agree with Christi because not only does he once again experience poverty when migrating to the U.S but he also now experiences bullying just because he doesn’t understand nor speak the language. Instead of Lin and her friends trying to make the best of his experience while adapting to the new environment in the U.S, Lins’ friends abuse of his trust and incorrectly translate their conversations many times. Not only is the language a barrier to him fitting in but by the music too. It is extremely sad to see how two people like Ulises and Lin have a deep connection outside of barriers but can’t manage to make those barriers go away. Like Ulises many people who migrate to the U.S have similar troubles in fitting in and adapting and end up going back to their home countries.

  3. In the film, “I’m No Longer Here”, the idea of not being able to reproduce one’s homeland and return to one’s homeland the same as you were before you left is shown in various form. When Ulises is in Monterrey, the poverty and crime have almost no effect on his behavior. That is his home and he knows how to navigate within the culture, and he is also holds stature in reputation in what he does. Even though he is somewhat gang-affiliated by being under the protection of the gang his older brother once helped start, his role is to show the younger children that there is an escape from gang violence in expression through dance. That community that he built is more his homeland that the actual town of Monterrey. When he was forced to leave that community behind and come to Queens, even when he takes back up his beloved dancing he says to Lin, “I can’t do it alone.” His heart is with his crew and even with the expression of dance he can not build a home without them. When he returns to his home, he sees his crew who once avoided all the violence and gangs under his guidance, have now become gangbangers except for Jeremy who turned to Christ. Even being back in Monterrey isn’t being back at home for him because he doesn’t recognize the people he once loved. He doesn’t even approach his them except for Jeremy and refuses his offer of staying with him. As the film ends Ulises does the only thing he loves as he sees his hometown implode, he dances cumbia.

  4. As an immigrant myself, the idea of that no place you move to can replace your homeland exactly is a resonating statement to me. But then again I feel like that’s the whole point. Especially in New York, which is especially culturally diverse compared to many other parts of the United States. Is created by the mixing or the better yet the compromising of cultures. Not every part of every culture can be understood and integrated. As shown in the movie when the main character not only could not understand and fit with the culture of New York. He was also treated as an outcast in the Hispanic-American community, who have discarded the parts of their culture that did not fit in. Parts like the aspects of himself that the main character is so desparate trying to keep.

    The main character, at the end of the movie, couldn’t bring himself to discard his identity while sober. And is unfortunately taken back to his home by force. Ironically, once he ends up back home he finds that he no longer fits in there also. His old gang has been disbanded and he is without his family. The movie ends some what somberly.

  5. Option 2-
    Ulises experiences poverty in both cities , New York and Monterrey ,however he experiences it differently and they as well have affect him differently.
    Starting in New York, we see Ulises wondering the streets of Queens as an illegal immigrant. In a new country and new city, Ulises is lost, confused and unfamiliar with his surroundings. You can see how lonely he is and how much he tries to dance just to get by. He is able to stay with a “friend” and sleep on his couch however he is forced to leave after an altercation with said friend. Ulises is now left homeless and wondering streets however remembers a place he had visited with a worker friend of his. This the rooftop of Lin’s grandfather store. He is able to become situated in this little room and starts to become accustom to Lin’s curious inquiries. He is able to befriend Lin and become comfortable around her , to the point where he is able to open up to her. He opens up and reminisces about his past life, in Monterrey.
    In Monterrey, Ulises experience poverty in a different way. First being that, coming from a neighborhood where everyone are experiencing the same economic inequalities, poverty holds a different meaning. In his eyes , he probably does not think of himself as living in poverty , but rather living in a community, a community that gets by as best as they can. He has a support system consisting of friends and local neighborhoods gangsters. Together they do not seem to worry much about what their going eat or survive because they always get by. In Monterrey, Ulises has a home to go to and a family, his mother and little brother, to come to. His surroundings are familiar and he is treated as a sort of celebrity, not lacking in anything. His friends and him shared great memories and moments to the point where his life was full of vibrance. During these moments, Ulises does not seem to be experiencing poverty but rather just enjoying his life.

  6. Costume, hair, and sound design are central for any story, but this particular one of Ulises and the other members of Los Terkos requires a curated journey of all three to accurately tell their story. As a sub-culture, Los Terkos are already outsiders and stand out from the mainstream world, which is communicated in their style. Blending different inspirations, their hair, clothes, and music are all identifiers of the group and their tastes and values. Their music remixed from Colombia and hair and clothes reminiscent of other counter-culture movements establish them as loud and united, local yet global, and most importantly as different and proud.

    Ulises’ hair especially stands as a symbol for this. It draw compliments and contempt from the people he meets in New York. In a similar way, his favorite music genre of cumbia and the way he dresses are also mocked and misunderstood. All three identify him as too much of an outsider in Queens. Los Terkos are already outsiders, but in New York City, he has no one to be an outsider with him. It’s when he’s most alone and hurt when he decides to cut his hair, severing a huge part of his home. When he arrives back in Monterrey, his former friends are also severed, now dressing as members of Los F and ditching the quintessential Los Terkos style. They are no long united by being the same outsiders. In an equally representative but opposite way, we saw how the Los Terkos style normally functions as grouping agent when Ulises gives Lin a makeover. The hair dye was more efficient than her dictionary for bringing the two together, since a shared style for Ulises establishes shared tastes and values, regardless of language. The eventual breakdown of Los Terkos’ community and style, with Ulises in Queens and his friends in Monterrey, is a way fo showing how they both begin to dissolve after being separated.

  7. When looking at the assignment for this week, I realized that the film that we needed to watch I already watched it once. I went back to watch some parts of it to refresh my memory. To continue, I was listening to Lejanía by Lisandro Meza a song I heard from the movie before realizing I watched this film before and wanted to share these cool finding. Similar to the song that mentions the sadness of leaving ones home country, the movie reflects the life and changes that one moving to the United States experience and that constant reminiscing of there life once home. Moreover, the film focuses on the struggles that the main character Ulises experiences once moving to the city; and what is keeping him and his identity still as of someone from “Kolombia”, Monterey and his Cumbia sub-culture. Furthermore, moving to NYC Ulises meets and finds people he becomes friends with as well of bad people that try to hurt him. The constant going back and forth of the film to Colombia and NYC highlight the new struggles and old struggles that the main character constantly faces.

  8. Ulises experiences poverty and community differently in New York than in Monterrey. Right in the beginning of the film we see Ulises in Queens, New York constantly being bullied by his coworkers, struggling with not knowing English and having difficulty adjusting to his new space. Although Lin tries to be there for Ulises, it is not the same community he has at home in Monterrey. He was poor in Monterrey but so was the whole gang he hung out with. They spoke the same language, looked out for one another, so although he was living in poverty he was happier in Monterrey. In New York, he was still living in poverty, just more lonely. What I found most significant is the way the gang looks out for one another, shares clothes with the young ones, etc. So to switch from a close community to a community where no one was truly looking out for him, he was all alone in a new country. He longs to go back to Monterrey and I think he tries hard to hold onto that. In New York he holds onto his love of cumbia music, reflects on his days back home, etc. Those little things were a part of the community in Monterrey he misses.

  9. OPTION 1 – Ulises finds it impossible to reproduce his homeland, during his short stay in New York, he struggles to find a sense of belonging. He doesn’t understand the people around him thus making it harder to adapt to a new way of life. In Monterrey Mexico, he and his crew spend their days lazily dancing to a slowed down version of Cumbia. They wear baggy clothes and cut and style their hair uniquely. Whilst in New York, he would reminisce about those days, he then runs into trouble with the people who he stays with because they don’t like his music and sense of style. His friendship with Lin, the granddaughter of the shop owner does bring him comfort as she tries to understand and help him. They eventually decided that he can earn money by dancing Cumbia on the subways and streets. But this plan fails, and he becomes afraid of the homeless and local police. Despite many people around him, there is not a single person who truly understands him. Ulises is eventually deported back to Mexico where he continues to live on the streets dancing to Cumbia Music.

  10. In the movie “I am No Longer Here”, Ulises experiences poverty and community in both Monterrey and New York, however these experiences are very different from each other. The movie switches from Ulises in Monterrey and Ulises in New York to show us the contrast between these experiences. In New York, we see Ulises becomes homeless. He has nowhere to go and nobody to turn to for help. He feels like an outcast and lonely. In Monterrey, Ulises experienced poverty there as well. However, everyone in his community was experiencing the same thing. There was a sense of community and understanding when it came to this. Even through poverty, Ulises still had his friends and his gang with him. This special sense of community where everyone experienced the same thing, spoke the same language, enjoyed the same music and dancing, was the community that still brought Ulises happiness through their struggling. In New York, Ulises does find community at a club where he meets a woman who is also from Columbia and a new friend who let’s him stay on her roof when he has nowhere to go. Although this is a sense of community, the women he meets isn’t a friend and the friend he does make, doesn’t know Spanish while Ulises doesn’t know English so there is a language barrier. The people he meets also don’t enjoy the music Ulises does while the music Ulises listens to is a big part of his life.

  11. Option 2 :In the Movie “I’m No Longer Here” The Main Character Ulises experiences poverty in both his hometown Monterrey and when he moves to New York.Although in both situations he was poor the way he arrived to his status was different in both places.In his Home Town Monterrey his situation was more of a “common among men” situation.As everyone is his hometown and friend group was all poor he was in a way born into poverty without a choice.Back at home he was a part of this gang,they did mini jobs like construction but it wasn’t really enough to actually live off of.However When he moved to New York his situated changed.Since he left his hometown for New York i a way prematurely when he arrived to New York he knew nothing of it or the Language.Since he was so alienated in a way and wasn’t able to assimilate to the new culture and people he also struggled to the point where he just experienced a different type of poverty of not being educated enough to survive in a different country at the moment.Although he was being helped by this American girl the fact of not speaking english heavily diminished the help that she could have potentially given him.

  12. Option 1
    Ulises cane to the United States but when he did all he kept doing was re imagining his past as it seem he lost a big part of himself. HIs gang had a specific culture that he could not fins anywhere and could not adapt to the United States. His culture was not with him and no matter how many people he tried to put onto his music style, they all disliked it but knew he could dance. We see in the end the women that lets him stay at her house told him to keep moving forward and not look back. So he cut his hair as a sign that he was trying to move forward and not take a step back and adapt. When Lin invited him to her parties he didn’t feel the same energy he felt in his home town Mexico and left. He was not recognized of this new culture since he grew up with a gang and had to find a new way to start life. He told Lin he couldn’t do it himself because he couldn’t express his music to other people alone because no one understood him and some even told him to stop. He returns back to his hometown but realizes everything is now changed. Him leaving and coming back caused him to not adapt to Mexico since he wasn’t there when times changed for his fellow friends.

  13. To Ulises, “home” represents the situation that he’s in at the beginning of the movie. While he doesn’t exactly have an easy life, “home” is the parties he goes to, the friends he has, and his role as a leader among his friends. The social connections he’s made and the self-expression he’s allowed to have — not only aesthetically but through dance — make his rough Monterrey neighborhood “home.” Although it’s ultimately not a good thing, “home” is also where he’s known by the criminal element that controls his neighborhood. Counter to that, in Queens he arrives in a rough neighborhood but it’s one in which he’s yet another nobody. He has no connection with anyone whatsoever and so his attempts to be himself are met with ridicule. In his Queens neighborhood his music — the one thing he loves above all else — is also met with ridicule, as when the lady at the bar told him his MP3 player was broken because of the distortion on the music. In Ya No Estoy Aqui, we can see Ulises trying to reproduce the aspects that made the mean streets of Monterrey “home” in Queens, something that ultimately leads him to go back home after being deported once he realizes that he’s lost an integral part of himself. Although it’s not stated specifically, one can assume that Los F will find him and kill him eventually. That, I think, is the most powerful message in the movie: “I’d rather get to be myself at home for a short time than not get to express myself in a foreign land for the rest of my life.”

  14. Option 3
    The costume, hair, and sound design play a major factor in the film showing the journey Ulises goes through. From the beginning, Ulises and his group, los Terkos, exist within a subculture in Mexico that expresses themselves through their clothes, hair and music. The subculture already stands out in Mexico, but Ulises is not alone. He is surrounded by his friends and other gangs that embrace the style so while he is an outsider in Mexico, he is an outsider with a group. When arriving in New York, he clings on to this style, refusing to assimilate to his new environment. It is often the case that immigrants will try and assimilate to their new life, but in doing so they end up losing a portion of themselves that is unique. In the case of Ulises, he tries to cling on to his old lifestyle but where in Mexico he had the support of his friends, in Queens he is outcasted by others, except for Lin, but their language barrier doesn’t let them fully connect with one another.

    Unable to adapt, Ulises goes back to Mexico, only to find that things have changed there as well. His friends no longer embracing the cholombiano lifestyle. Despite that, Ulises is able to find his way at home, since its all he ever knew, while in Queens he couldn’t handle his environment. Awesome film, it showed a neighborhood I grew up in so it was nice seeing some places I frequented myself.

  15. Option 1- After watching the film “I’m No Longer Here,” the concepts of marginalization within one’s own cultures and assimilation intertwine and are very evident throughout the plot. We can see that although Ulises was proud and enjoyed his dancing, whenever he attempted to expose this side of his culture and himself to the people of NYC, the reactions received simply made him long for the moments he would dance so carelessly among his friends. I think there is some irony that comes into play here, the more you try to cling to the past or the nostalgia from your homeland in a brand new location, the more you begin to compare your past life with your present one and therefore makes you long for the things you left behind so much more. Ulises is a great example of this because of how much loss he feels for his homeland and everything he once knew. Even with new companions in his life that treat him well such as Lin, it is like he still wants to live in his homeland and is simultaneously stuck in the past where he cannot appreciate what is in front of him.

    1. I truly believe that constant comparison of your new life to the previous life will lead to complete demotivation. when a person immigrated and started to build a new life in the new country homesickness is absolutely normal thing. Another thing when comparison to a homeland is constant and fully make you “blind” and unhappy about the new life. I think that each immigrated person has to realize that your new place never will be the same as a home, just because in a home land you spent significant period of time and majority of memories were created by your community which was existed and supported by family and family members for many years. However in a new country you are writing your own story from the new blank page,

  16. Option 2 – Compare the two major cities and neighborhoods represented in the film: Monterrey and New York. How do Ulises experiences poverty and community differently in each of these spaces?

    In the 2019 film “I’m No Longer Here” by Fernando Frías, the interactions of time and space are essential to Ulises’ experiences in Monterrey and New York. The poverty in Monterrey is a social construct that Ulises knew how to navigate and understood to be part of his everyday life. It was a poverty that was made better by the presence of his crew, the Turkos, and by the Kolombiana music they all connected with as well as by his general network of protection within the community. His exile from Monterrey for his own safety and that of his family was difficult as it thrust him into isolation from any community due to language barriers and cultural boundaries. He struggled to connect with the Mexicans we was living and working with who were from other cities and had other stories. He also couldn’t connect with Lin because of the language barrier, as well as his own stubbornness. Ultimately Ulises shows that he does not understand what it is to work – his crew of kids prioritized dancing and hanging out wandering the streets, not doing anything particularly bad, but not going to school or working – directionless in the grander scheme of life. This lack of guidance and direction leads him to try to do things on his own – facing poverty individually instead of as a family or community – and struggling to get results. Ecentually his failures lead him to choose homelessness and drugs as an escape where music no longer fills that space for him.

    Ulises’ pride was something he carried with him that in Mexico served him well (until it made him a target) and that in New York it kind of destroyed him as he could not reconcile his new identity as an outsider in NY and how he chose to eventually let that go by cutting his hair off and giving up on his attempts to make money to survive. After being detained by ICE and returning to Mexico, he arrives in a new Monterrey, where he is once again isolated and no longer part of the changing community and network of his town, but feels more at home. For Ulises, it was extremely difficult to navigate the isolation of New York, and so at the end of the film, while he is still alone and watching the chaos around him, he’s ultimately happier to be able to navigate poverty within a known environment where he knows the language and can more easily integrate himself into his community. Even if it’s sitting with the town drunk, at least there is someone that he can connect with where he doesn’t feel completely lost and alone.

    1. I really liked your response. Especially about language and cultural barrier and situation of getting results. I believe the harderst moments of immigration is when a person has to develop himself in society with different language and culture. At that point everyday becomes as a challenge against a new society every day, I would say, it is a small fight , where a person is trying to prove himself. The result of this hard work can be different. For example, after many attempts you can get desired results and ” break the ice” of the new world. However if you are trying many times without any success that can lead to frustration which can knock you off the road and put you in the dark place of immigration. where person does not have inspiration and motivations to move on and achieve something in his life.

  17. Immigration is always hard and complicated process ,especially, when you come from a country where the people, culture, and language are different. The way you have to come remaind a vidio game where you have to develop your caracter in society from , almost, a zero. This feeling is absolutley different from , for example, when a person comes on vacation get inspired by the country and believe that it will be easy to immigrate and live. In reality, it might not be easy to adapt to a new environment. First and foremost, there is the matter of overcoming the language barrier. A period of acclimatization is required for those from cultures where things are done differently. Then comes the most difficult part: With time, the individual’s former self fades away and becomes non-existent. While on an epic voyage of self-discovery in I’m No Longer Here, Ulises is forced to flee his house in Queens, New York, after a confrontation with the new “F” cartel. When Ulises joins a crew of immigrant day laborers in Queens, he finds himself at the bottom of the pecking order because of his unusual hairdo and clothing. Because he cannot communicate in English, he is even more impotent in his new environment. The other men refuse to interpret when a street photographer approaches them to take their shots. As impressing the women they invite back to their shared space, Ulises is forced to leave on his own after a quarrel ensues. In a way, this transition is experienced by everyone who moves to a new country.

  18. Option 1 – In I’m No Longer Here suggests that once you migrate it’s impossible to reproduce your homeland and more so to really return to your place of origin and that’s evident when you look at Ulises and his journey. When Ulises is forced to leave his home in Mexico, he can’t seem to find a community like the one he had back home. The people he works with just make fun of his style and music taste whereas at home he was celebrated for those things. Furthermore, when he finally comes back, it had been overrun by the Los F gang and all his old friends has fallen in their trap as well so he couldn’t even find his space at home because it had changed so much in his absence.

  19. In the film “I’m No Longer Here” (Fernando Frías, 2019), the main character Ulises goes through different experiences on the poverty he had during his time in Mexico and his time in New York. During his time in Mexico, even though he was poor, he didn’t feel any worse while he was at home surrounded by his family, members of his community, and his friends. Ulises and his gang are poor together in Monterrey. But during his time in New York, he felt much different because it was as if he felt spiritually poor. His experience in New York was very challenging for him because of the language barrier he was going through, being unable to understand what people were saying and not being able to communicate with people he would compare to the way he would be able to communicate and understand what was being told in Mexico. The language was the most important thing Ulises was struggling with and going through his time in New York.

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