In the article the aspects of an ICT:
- -Hand held devices (i.e. Cellphones, tablets, e-books)
- -laptops (personal or borrowed)
- -Databases and search engine
People who are involved in the study:
The institutional/organizational aspect in the study, the norm the students have access to their mobile devices to read articles and assignments through their mobile phones and tablets while commuting to school. Students on their data plan. The values of having these electronic devices, students are able to access the internet. Students are able to communicate with classmates and their instructions. The power relations, professors have online assignments (with deadlines) and other tasks for students. The college/universities have security and other limitations in laptops, tablets and other electronic devices.
- The mobile devices such as cellphones, smartphones, e-readers
- Computers: personal or family-shared desktops and laptops, on-site (college-owned) laptops and desktops
- Internet access
- Mobile data plan
- Search engines such as Google, Google Scholar, Wikipedia
- Academic Databases
- Norms: 1) Most students have an average commute time of 45-60 minutes and read articles, doing research and even working on papers through their mobile devices. 2) Students who have internet access through mobile devices will have a constraint on their data-plan. 3) Students’ choice on having personal computers or using on-site computers depends on their economic circumstances. 4) All students will rely on the on-site computers at some point during the semester. 5) Students would prefer Google or Wikipedia searching rather than referring to the library academic databases. 6) Most students share computer access with other members of household. 7) Instructions on certain assignment might not be clear enough for students. 8) A few students did not realize the illegal issue while sharing files.
- Values: 1) Students feel more comfortable to have access on internet while using their mobile devices. 2) Students will feel frustrated on data-plan constraints. 3) Students do not realize the credibility of resources while conducting researches. 4) Economical condition is crucial to CUNY students.
- Powers Relation: 1) Faculties’ instruction on assignment over students. 2) The computer usages between family members. 3) The college’s restriction on devices over students. 4) The public transit system over students.
In my opinion, authors did a great job describing use of ICT in their research. They very specifically outlined every piece of equipment. For example, the use of a cell phone and how it plays a different role for different students. Also, a kindle, which use and downloading process authors described very deeply. Use of databases, preference of Google and Internet resources, library use by commuting students were also greatly pointed out.
People- Authors of the article did a good job by describing the amount of students and faculty members their did their research on. they even included personal quotes, statistics and opinions. They were very open and enthusiastic about the subject they studied as well as to responds they got. I really liked how they managed to include students’ personal pictures and sketches in their work.
The article was organized very neatly. The way they presented their research and findings made me want to read it. The order in which they put it in was also very good.
There was a lot of useful insight in this article pertaining to our research topic, the most important concept being that technology is no longer an option, it is a necessity. “(ICT) has become indispensable in the twenty-first century and is integral to the undergraduate student experience” (Smale and Regalado, 2). Another important piece of information is that many students seemed to not be able to operate a lot of the ICT’s that they are assumed to know. “In several important ways, CUNY students are on the wrong side of the digital divide….constrained the kinds of academic activities some students could engage in” (Smale and Regalado, 5). Finally, considering that our topic is based on student perceptions of the library, I found it important to note that the researcher in this article found that many students use the computer labs to socialize instead of utilizing ICT’s to help them complete academic tasks.
I find the ICTs studied were adequately explained and covered. Most of it was familiar to college students (e.g. we all use blackboard, phones, etc). Acknowledging that technology is rapidly shifting is key to this study because it allows future readers to know that the ICTs studied in this particular research was relevant at the time even if it is not used or popular presently. Since there are so many different technological preferences among students, it’s also a good way to emphasize that the ICTs in this study are the most influential
Although the authors do separate the people and clearly define their methodology, I find that there are other aspects within the people that could be relevant to the study. In my opinion, only stating that the subjects are undergraduate students is not good enough for a research of this caliber because students studying different majors can have completely different needs and perspectives regardless of their grade level. Especially for qualitative data, knowing all aspects of a subject is very important for drawing conclusions.
I find that the authors were able to adequately isolate their goal in the study by isolating commuter students and expressing that the commuter part of the college is one of the defining factors for the students. This is an important bridge for a lot of the evidence in the research and justifies a lot of the concepts in the study. For example, there may be a strong connection between students having to wait on line for a computer and the fact that they’re commuters. Had the students not been commuters, the waiting on line part of their day would carry a different significance. In that case, the value of time is different for commuter students compared to non-commuter students. Also, income is a very important institutional aspect, being a commuter is an indication of a lower income bracket and this transitions to many of the concepts in the study such as personal laptops and utilizing the resources offered by the school.
ICT: The article did well in organizing the different ICT’s used by students and how they used them.
People: The specificity of the students and the professors were described clearly according to each situation.
Institutional/Organization: Finding that commute affects how people use ICTs was interesting. Google being student’s “go to” source of information is not surprising but shows the lack of use of library databases that could be quite closely more relevant and credible especially for school related projects.
The essay mentions multiple communication technologies- Cellphones, Smartphones, Tablets, E-readers, Laptops, Social media such as Facebook and Google chat, and e-mail as well as other services such as online calendars and Blackboard. . These technologies help the students to write essays, read articles/texts, complete projects, communicate with students, communicate with professors, manage time, work on the road, stay connected to family, work with other students on joint assignments, integrate their work/personal/school life. The authors spoke heavily about the communication technologies available to students or not available to them and how that effects their lives. Whether the students needed to find work arounds by using multiple technologies or preferred singular ones. it also spoke heavily on how the CUny system needs to address these issues and make technology way more available to the students.
People- The article is specifically about people it was a survey of 178 undergraduate students and the availability of technology to them as individuals. The authors did not want to just ask a simple yes or no question but provided the students with multiple ways to express themselves, via verbal communication as well as with photographs and also asking the students to sketch multiple things, such as portraits of themselves actively using technology or having them map out heir day via a campus map. Trying to understand the entire story of the students in question and how their personal lives influences their use of technology as well as how their access to technology also impacts their private and work lives. There were several Cuny faculty members questioned as well. The responses were ranging from those who are worried about some students inability to use technology while others felt it was their duty to teach and inspire the students with the proper use of these ITC’s. Librarians and other faculty were mentioned only in the sense of what they can do to learn from the students about making the existing programs even better.
Students ( Undergraduate)
Librarians/ Library staff
Access to technology and information
Access to people- Peers/Faculty(Professor)/Librarians
Norms- I didn’t pick up on any norms being explained by the authors.
ICT= The article examined the use of a technology (cellphone,laptop,kindle) for CUNY students. The articles shows that a lot of students were using technology such as a laptop or kindle for recreational purposes (social media, texting, family) and also on a academic level. This survey was more intuitive and reached the demographic of only CUNY students. The majority of the findings showed that many were commuters and it was essential to have internet access to do well in school.
- Faculty members
For the organization aspect, they really did not talk about actual values but did explain some norms within this article. Many students used a laptop or cellphone for recreational use and academic use. Many faculty students encountered students that were lacking in understanding technology and using it (presentations). Furthermore, the majority of faculty stated that students would use any source online and not check to see if this is a reliable source, which is a main problem and still is today.
The article explains the social informatics pretty well. I have a clear understanding as to who is using the ICT, the powers in place over the students and researchers, and the values and norms of the students. The article explains, generally, the process needed to be allowed to study the users, and the users the study was looking at. It explains through the analysis of the raw data the values and beliefs of the students, and what they do to do better in class. It should be noted though that the students looked at do not account for all the students in CUNY. Other students in CUNY, may not feel as strongly about other students socializing on the computer.
The ICTs mentioned in the article are mobile devices, computers, and library databases. Students use mobile devices to look up information on their phones, and in some extreme cases, do assignments during their commute. Mobile devices include e-readers, which some students reported as easier to focus with. Computers with internet access were available to most students, even off campus through a desktop or laptop in their homes. Some students preferred not to bring laptops with them because of security concerns and/or inconvenience. For students that did not have access to a computer at home, they needed to use the computers provided by the university. Many students prefer use of the internet as opposed to using library databases and books. This was in part to the convenience and ease of Googling information as opposed to digging for it in the library databases. Students were unaware of the ways they could optimize searching the library’s databases. Students also had a need for valid sources. File sharing on the computer, while illegal, provides another layer of convenience for the student.
We will be using the Pearson, Harris Poll Mobile Device Survey for both graphs.
The first bar graph being used is “Device Usage”, the graph indicates the amount of students who throughout a year use a laptop for school work or other work. Over 3 years it can be seen laptops are the primary form of technology used to do school and other work. We will use this information to explain the growth of laptop services over that time span as well as how it can be increased in the future.
We will also be using the graph titled “Mobile Device Usage for College Work 2015”
This chart also indicates the usage of laptops for school work but on a weekly basis, as compared to other electronic devices. Again allowing us to see the popularity of laptops and how that has effected laptop lending services and their growth.
Pearson Student Device Survey, Harris Poll. June 2015