Really great literary works include care for the destiny of mankind and attention to the lives of most ordinary people. The social phenomena described in the book can always arouse people’s strong sense of identity. “Mother Tongue” written by Amy Tan is the literature work contains all these great literatures qualities. In her story, she described that early American Chinese immigrants were discriminated against by others for various reasons and often suffered unfair treatment. For example, in “Mother Tongue” Amy stated that “And I had plenty of empirical evidence to support me: the fact that people in department stores, at banks, and at restaurants did not take her seriously, did not give her good service, pretended not to understand her, or even acted as if they did not hear her.” The situation described by Amy Tan is not just a personal encounter, it must have happened to many other Chinese American immigrants. It may even happen to American immigrants of other races. Such literary works can help society recognize the dark side of society and correct these social injustices. For those who are experiencing these unfair treatments in society, such literary works can give them some experience and inspiration. For example, in “Mother Tongue” Amy Tan stated that “I started writing nonfiction as a freelancer the week after I was told by my former boss that writing was my worst skill and I should hone my talents toward account management.” As an Asian student, Amy Tan is always regarded as not good at writing, but instead of giving up her dreams, she has trained her writing skills harder. This is a spiritual inspiration for her readers, and encourages her readers to chase their dreams, do not give up their dreams because of social stereotypes. And tell the reader that a dream will come true if you work hard. This is the meaning of the great modern literary works, encourage readers to face their unfortunate encounters, and let readers strive to realize the value of life.