Open Hood Essay Final

English Open Hood Essay
Zamil Ahmed
ENG 2150 – Hoodology 

Professor Singleton 

 

Humans are arguably the most resilient species around. As living beings, humans have constantly adapted to meet the needs of our constantly changing world. We have accomplished a lot and have not shown any definitive signs of slowing down in terms of moving forward. However, despite the prosperity and ambition of our species there are upcoming problems we must tackle. One of the major issues we must face is climate change. The definition of climate change, according to Google is “: a change in global or regional climate patterns, a change apparent from the mid to late 20th century onwards and attributed largely to the increased levels of atmospheric carbon dioxide produced using fossil fuels.” Climate change is steadily increasing in pace, yet world leaders continue to ignore it as a serious issue. Studies proving the effects of climate change to be real are extensive. Governments would rather disperse their funds towards other aspects of their country rather than focus on an issue that affects the whole world and threatens the entirety of humanity.  There are a series of key events occurring around the world that indicate to us that the time for action is now. The more we wait, the more our world dissipates. Change for some may look like a farfetched idea, but as mentioned before, humankind is a very resilient species that can address any problem if we combine our efforts into one. When faced with great adversity, we unite. We have done it many times, before. Global warming is undoubtedly a serious issue taxing the world we call home and we must act now, despite the naysayers whom believe it to be a hoax or myth.
 

Climate change affects many aspects of our infrastructure that we are not aware of. The stability of our environment isn’t the only facet affected. Our economy takes a lot of hits as well from a climate that is not regulated. Examples of this include forced relocations, asset destruction, droughts, extinctions, as well as many more factors that all add to global economic costs. The Natural Resources Defense Council estimates that the U.S. Climate Disruption Budget for natural occurrences like droughts, storms and growing climate disruptions, was amounted to nearly $100 billion. That is such a large sum of money that it is humanly impossible to visualize. And that’s only the beginning. By 2030, climate change costs are projected to cost the global economy $700 billion annually, according to the Climate Vulnerability Monitor. 50 billion tons of methane released from melting Arctic ice will advance global warming by 15-35 years and in turn cost the global economy $60 trillion. Putting a halt to all the damage will come at a very expensive cost. Paving a new path towards sustainable energy can cost $53 trillion (International Energy Agency’s World Energy Investment Outlook). These numbers are tremendous and will only increase if these issues are ignored. Political figures now have an initiative for acting against climate change. Investing now will save funds further down the line. The best way to view things is in the long term, so we can establish a better future for the generations to come.  

 

Aside from the loss of trillions of dollars from the world economy, climate change will also deplete a lot of natural resources we need to survive. The lack of resources is something that can be critical to the existence of human life. Since humans have walked this earth we have been using resources non-stop without thinking twice about the consequences. This has brought us very far throughout our history and we are advancing at the fastest pace ever seen. Technological, medical, and other advancements have made life as we know it very convenient. Yet with climate change on the horizon, a very large portion of the human population will suffer from scarcity of crucial resources needed to survive. One of these resources is water. Water as we know is required for many daily functions such as bathing, drinking, and cooking. Its importance is ranked as one of the most important factors for sustaining life. In 2013, about 1.3 billion people lived in water scarce regions, according to one study. 8% of the population will enter a state of “new or aggravated water scarcity,” solely due to climate change with a temperature increase of 3.6 degrees F by 2100. Depleted water resources due to heat and drought will account for more than $10 billion in direct losses to agriculture alone. The lack of water will place the world on a cycle of disarray and cause a great threat towards human life.

 

Like water, shelter is something all living creatures need to live their lives. The comfort of our homes is one of the greatest feelings there is. Many of us never conceive the thought of losing something so important in our lives. In our world today, homelessness is common even in major cities. In countries that are less developed, the amount of people who lack a home is drastically greater. Those people who are fortunate to have a home since birth often take for granted how satisfying it is to arrive back to the warmth of your home from a long day. In 2008, 36 million people were displaced by natural disasters. At least 20 million of those people were driven from their homes by disasters related to climate change like drought and rising sea level. Even more alarming, a 2014 study published in Environmental Research Letters predicted that sea level rise created by a temperature increase of 3 degrees C would force more than 600 million people to find new homes. The Internal Organization for Migration estimates that 200 million people by 2050 could be forced to leave due to environmental changes. Additionally, large wealth gaps in many modern countries, including America means that those who have less money will be affected the most. That means that climate change will affect the average middle-class citizen significantly and those with less money to their name even more so. The only people who might avoid the consequences of climate change, including loss of property, are those with significant wealth; typically, the top percentage of the upper class. We see numbers so often that we get desensitized towards large numbers.  

 

Numbers are something we see everywhere. Our lives revolve around numbers and we are constantly seeing new ones every day. The numbers from the studies given previously are so substantial that the human brain can’t grasp the thought of so much of a certain thing sufficiently enough. We can’t wrap our heads around or envision millions, billions, or trillions of something. We can only read the number and interpret it to the best of our abilities. The truth is we will never be able to visualize such large quantities. However, we can relate to one person. We ourselves know the importance of life through our own. We see how complex it is, how many different qualities of life there are to experience and feel. All these millions of lives are just like ours and just as important. The problems arising from climate change affect people the most. That is why we should place a great deal of emphasis on acting immediately to save as many lives as possible because we can empathize with these people as human beings.  

 

Works Cited  

“22 Devastating Effects of Climate Change.” Business Insider. Accessed May 12, 2017. 

<http://www.businessinsider.com/effects-of-climate-change-2014-6>

Peer Review for Michael C. and Jack

Michael C.

I think Michael is pursuing a great idea in terms of his essay. There are a number of things he can work on. I feel like he can develop his essay a lot further by organizing it and providing structure to his paragraphs. If he starts his paragraphs with a topic sentence the readers will know what each paragraph is predominantly about. This will help the structure because there will be no repetition and each paragraph will explore an individual idea. Since Michael is telling a story about a period of time in his life, he would benefit a lot from ordering everything chronologically. In terms of sentence structure, there are sentences that he can cut out and add new ones and elaborate on. I also believe he can combine a couple of his paragraphs because they explore similar topics. Michael can add more detail to his work such as how the hard work made him feel. He can delve deeper into the relationship he had with his friend. He can talk about where he sees his new job taking him. He can talk about what his family thinks of his new job. In terms of his introduction I would have liked to see him give a bit more context on what was going on in his life at the time. How the job affected everything around him. What the change in jobs meant for his schedule and affected other aspects of his life. Michael does a good job of telling us thinks such as how he felt he was benefiting from the new job. I really liked that because it shows that he is growing as a person and taking his job seriously. I feel like he could have set the tone and setting in his introductory paragraph stronger if he had just added a bit more bulk to it.

 

Jack

Now this is what I call an essay. The topic you chose instantly grasped my interest. I think it’s something a lot of people don’t talk enough about. Wow!!! The hook for your intro is by far the best part. I just wanted to keep reading to see what would happen so I applaud you on that. It would make sense to combine your first and second paragraph but I can see why you would split the two. You provided a great context and setting after surprising the reader with your first initial statements. There are a couple sentences that are grammatically incorrect that you can easily fix by reading over your paper. Your sentence structure can also improve. I would suggest you rewrite your sentences and phrase a couple of them differently so they flow better. Honestly I can’t get over the fact that you picked such a great topic to talk about especially since our social climate is what it is right now. I think your helping to give adults who don’t have any idea of what teen life is like an idea of how social media plays a role in our lives. I like how your showing people a modern love story in some sense. Since your essay is very loose and outgoing I wouldn’t say you have to structure it anymore but you can combine a couple of the paragraphs. At some instances, the chronological order of events is a bit confusing. I don’t think you should talk about the same topic in a different paragraph because the reason a paragraph is a separate entity is because it talks about something different. Therefore if you are going to talk about something similar in a different paragraph I suggest you bring it all into one paragraph to really centralize the ideas. Overall a really interesting topic and essay. Great use of dialogue throughout and I really like how you let the readers know what your thinking. If you add a bit more of what’s going on in your mind and how it affected your social life and everything around you I think it will give the readers and added sense of understanding.

Weekly Walk 3

This week I decided to go on a walk on the day it was snowed. Initially I went to my gym, Blink Fitness. But that closes at 8 so me and a couple of my buddies decided to head over to Retro Fitness. It’s quite a walk from my gym, a good 10 or more blocks. During that walk all we did was crack jokes and it was a great time. Until our feet started to freeze up and then we just decided to run to the gym. At Retro Fitness you can practically walk in you just sign a guest sheet. A great gym and I’ll probably switch to it next year. On my way back I came across this very cool looking plant shop. The image felt very worth taking because on the outside you can see the frozen dead snow and on the inside are all the plants full of life. I thought it was a cool little contrast.

Weekly Walk 2

This week didn’t lack in beautiful weather and I found myself outside a lot. I walked down Broadway in Astoria. Since moving to this neighborhood I never really walked down Broadway. It’s changed a lot since I was a little kid. When I was little I didn’t notice all of the bars. A lot of wine and liquor stores were around also. All this suggested to me that people come here to drink and eat because the number of restaurants there was insane. There was just one after the other and all of them were unique in their own respective way. This one in particular really stood out because of it’s design and the cool murals they implemented into their storefront. I liked how they incorporated art into their restaurant and I feel like more restaurants should try that approach. Art and food are two things I think can come together to make a very memorable moment for people. Food in my view is a form of art. It is a form of expression of taste and the presentation of food carries on into how it makes you feel overall.

“Open Hood” Essay Draft

English Open Hood Essay Draft
Zamil Ahmed
ENG 2150 – Hoodology

Professor Singleton

Humankind is a resilient species. Looking at our history there isn’t much that we haven’t accomplished. We’ve completely dominated the entire earth for the time span we’ve inhabited. Despite our prosperity as a species there are upcoming problems that we must face. One of these problems is climate change or global warming. This is an issue that is steadily increasing in pace however world leaders continue to ignore it as a serious issue. Studies to prove the effects of climate change are extensive. Governments would rather disperse their funds towards other aspects of their country rather than focus on an issue that affects the whole world and threatens the entirety of humanity.  There are a series of key events occurring around the world that indicate to us that the time for action is now. The more we wait, the more our world dissipates. It will take time for everyone to take on the same campaign and mindset but is definitely possible. The world can unite when faced with a great adversity. Summing it up, global warming is a serious issue that is currently taxing the world we inhabit and we must take action now despite the naysayers who believe it to be a hoax or myth.

The definition of climate change according to Google is “: a change in global or regional climate patterns, in particular a change apparent from the mid to late 20th century onwards and attributed largely to the increased levels of atmospheric carbon dioxide produced by the use of fossil fuels.” Climate change affects many aspects of our infrastructure that we are not aware of. The stability of our environment isn’t the only facet effected. Our economy takes a lot of hits as well from climate that is not regulated. Asset destruction, forced relocations, droughts, extinctions, and many more factors all add to global economic costs. Natural Resources Defense Council estimates that the U.S. Climate Disruption Budget, stuff related to drought, storm, and growing climate disruptions, was nearly $100 billion. And that’s just the start. By 2030, climate change costs are projected to cost the global economy $700 billion annually, according to the Climate Vulnerability Monitor. 50 billion tons of methane released from melting Arctic ice will advance global warming by 15-35 years and in turn cost the global economy$60 trillion. Putting a halt to all the damage will come at a very expensive cost. Paving a new path towards sustainable energy can cost $53 trillion.  (International Energy Agency’s World Energy Investment Outlook). These numbers are tremendous and will only increase if these issues are ignored. Political figures now have an initiative for wanting to tackle climate change. The investment will save funds further down the line. It is best to view things in the long run so we can establish a better future for the generations to come.


The lack of resources is something that can be critical to the existence of human life. Ever since humans have walked this earth we have been using resources nonstop without thinking twice about the consequences. This has brought us very far throughout our history and we at advancing at the fastest pace ever seen with no signs of slowing down. Technological, medical, and other advancements have made life as we know it very convenient. Yet with climate change on the horizon, a very large portion of the human population will suffer from scarcity of crucial resources needed to survive. One of these is water. Water is a essential element for any living beings. It’s importance is arguably ranked as one of the most important factors for sustaining life. In 2013, about 1.3 billion people lived in water scarce regions, according to one study. 8% of the population will enter a state of “new or aggravated water scarcity,” solely due to climate change with a temperature increase of 3.6 degrees F by 2100. Depleted water resources due to heat and drought will account for more than $10 billion in direct losses to agriculture alone. These numbers are too big to ignore. The lack of water will place the world in a cycle of disarray and cause a great threat towards human life. Without water life as we know it will spiral towards chaos.

Similar to water, shelter is something all living creatures need in order to live their life. The comfort of our homes is one of the greatest feelings and many of us have never conceived ever losing something so convenient. In our world today, homelessness is common even in major cities. In countries that are less developed, the amount of people who lack a home is drastically greater. Those people who are fortunate often take for granted how satisfying it is to arrive back to the warmth of your home from a long day. In 2008, 36 million people were displaced by natural disasters. At least 20 million of those people were driven from their homes by disasters related to climate change like drought and rising sea level. Even more alarming, a 2014 study published in Environmental Research Letters predicted that sea level rise created by a temperature increase of 3 degrees C would force more than 600 million people to find new homes. The Internal Organization for Migration estimates that 200 million people by 2050  could be forced to leave due to environmental changes. We see numbers so often that we get desensitized towards large numbers. These numbers are so substantial that the human brain can’t possibly grasp the thought of so many people sufficiently. We can’t seem to wrap our heads around it or envision something of such a large scale. We can only read the number and interpret it to the best of our abilities. The truth is we will never be able to. However we can definitely relate to one person. We ourselves know the importance of life through our own. We see how complex it is, how many different qualities of life there are to experience and feel. All these millions of lives are just like ours and just as important. That is why we should place a great deal of emphasis on taking action immediately to save as many lives as possible because we can empathize with these people as human beings.


*Bonus* Close Reading “ O Captain! My Captain!” (Abraham Lincoln)

I enjoyed this poem. The narrator had immense respect for his captain for helping the crew make it through the tough times at sea and arrive at shore victorious with treasure. The poem almost had the same effect as a movie when the narrator revealed the captain was his father it felt similar to when Darth Vader was revealed to be Luke’s father. If I had to relate this poem in any way to Abraham Lincoln there are numerous parallels can be made. Symbolism helps elevate this poem in this sense. President Lincoln would most notably be the Captain who was shot dead and assassinated after he had brought reform to America, the crew or African Americans. The treasure might be the Emancipation Proclamation. Just as things started getting better and they had arrived at land the Captain had died similar to how Lincoln never got to see the immense effect he had on the future with his Presidency. Overall a great poem relating to our 16th President/Captain Abraham Lincoln.

Close reading of “Crossing Brooklyn Ferry” by Walt Whitman + Questions 

Part I close reading
Flood-tide below me! I see you face to face!
Clouds of the west—sun there half an hour high—I see you also face
      to face.
Crowds of men and women attired in the usual costumes, how curious
      you are to me!
On the ferry-boats the hundreds and hundreds that cross, returning
      home, are more curious to me than you suppose,
And you that shall cross from shore to shore years hence are more
      to me, and more in my meditations, than you might suppose.
Close Reading:
The part that I will be doing a close reading on is the first section of the poem. This is interesting because the author begins the poem using patterns and repetition. Examples of this include “face to face,” “shore to shore,” “hundreds and hundreds.” The reason for repetition is usually to emphasize the importance of something. In this case I believe the author is indicating the sheer amount of whatever words he repeats. So the shore must be very large and there are many people huddling on this shore. This helps to create imagery and a sense of setting. The author employs these tactics in the beginning of the poem in order to set the place, mood, etc. The pattern aids the flow of the poem. My interpretation is that the author is waiting for someone of great importance to arrive to him in the years to come. He is expecting and waiting for his arrival. I believe he visits the ferry boats often to look at all the faces that he claims are curious to him, however he then goes on to add that all those people don’t compare to how curious “you” are. The author is clearly addressing this poem to a certain someone as he repeatedly says “you.” He adds the word meditation which can be interpreted as many things, his thoughts, his prayers, or whatever he does to provide him solace from I am guessing the absence of this person in his life.
Questions:
1. What kind of sentence lengths is Whitman using?
Whitman is using long sentences. He is extending his sentences with commas. This gives the poem a sense of length as it is being carried further and deeper. He never actually ends any of his sentences except for those that end with exclamation and question marks. His sentences just seem to flow on. His sentences are also loaded with tons and tons of adjectives.
2. Does he use repetition?
There is without a doubt loads of repetition in his poem. He applied them into patterns. In my opinion, his best use of repetition is when he uses the same word to begin every sentence for a length of the poem. Some words he uses are “the,” “looked,” “just.” This use of repetition is similar to what musical artists use from time to time in their lyrics.
3. What is the effect of the above two devices?
As words keep being repeated their purpose builds and makes every sentence after that more dramatic and impactful. Hearing the word again and again really bashes the words and meaning of what the author is saying into your brain. Again this is another tool the author uses to regulate importance of certain points. The adjectives he uses help to describe the feelings and setting. It is necessary for all the adjectives to be appear in order to provide imagery and make the poem interesting.
4. Do you see any similarities with any of the other texts we’ve read (Open City, “The Allure of the Map”, “The History of a City Underfoot”, “On Exactitude in Science”, “Mapmaker”, and even “Shitty First Drafts”)? Do a comparison and contrast with one of these.
This poem carried a lot of similarities in my opinion to the “Mapmaker.” In terms of writing creatively they both exploited the use of description to try to create a image for the reader. The sentences in the “Mapmaker” were on certain occasions also very long. For instance this sentence, “A map…of the imperial dominions, in which each house shall be represented by a life-sized house, every mountain shall be depicted by a mountain, every tree by a tree of the same size and type, every river by a river, and every man by a man.” This is a very long sentence consisting of different parts all of which describe differently and even use religion of words such as river by river, man by a man, and tree by tree exactly the same as the poem utilizes.

Weekly Walk 1

On Monday while I was arriving back home from school around 1 pm I noticed something strange in the middle of the street. I’d most likely describe it as an anomaly because something like this made no sense whatsoever. In the middle of the street was a single chicken feet. I almost stepped on it, then leaned in to get a better look, and started walking past it until I thought why don’t I take a picture to share with the rest of the world. For those of you that may be wondering I don’t live in a village or a landfill or something. My neighborhood is pretty decent and since the area is being gentrified day by day the place is getting cleaner and cleaner. For those of you may be wondering I’m referring to Steinway Street in Astoria, Queens. Anyways this little incident that took place really bothered me because there was no trace of the rest of the chicken anywhere nearby to be found. Why would there be a chicken foot on the street. That’s so random! It made no sense whatsoever, it was literally a dirty uncooked chicken foot. A single foot. Not even a pair of feet. I’m sorry if I grossed some of you out, I know the picture is really disgusting but the reality is that I came across this mystery on my walk. It made me think about how often insignificant things like this happen everyday. I also began to ponder if this exact scenario every happened to someone else. What must this chicken have gone through to lead to this moment? Where are the rest of his or her remnants? Are they spread across the whole city? What really happened here? This is almost like a mini crime scene. If this were a human hand instead of a chicken’s foot how much more shocking would this interaction have been? How much more importance would’ve been placed on a human hand? How would I have reacted to that? Would I call the cops to make a police report? Would I take a picture or be scared off and just continue on with my day like nothing happened? These are the stream of thoughts that went through my over processed brain. I hope everyone read through this whole paragraph because I think it’s pretty interesting for the first walk of the semester. Don’t you think so? Lets see how long you can stare at that picture before barfing. Comment how long you lasted.

 

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