crisis, title

The First Crisis Discovered

The Crisis took in many forms. It was known as quarterly magazine, which was published by NAACP. Other believed that The Crisis was W.E.B Dubois himself that captured his ideas and opinions. Despite what people may think, we can all agree that The Crisis captured the Black experience in America. Considering the Black experience a question has been raised. What can the covers of the Crisis communicate about the Black experience in America?  I would like to lead with a quote in the Printing the Color line that states, “The Crisis played an integral but often over-looked part in the history of the big magazines, as its innovative methods for representing race and racialized intellectual work so successfully set a pattern for African American print culture” In terms of this remark, the cover of crisis is signaling that the Black experience in America survival driven. There is a correlation between the quote and the cover. Du Bois wanted the magazine to show how race and racialized intellectual work could be shown in new ways. The crisis has a lot of different Black Americans from many different time periods. Each cover in its own unique way, showing a timeline.  Which is covertly pointing out the survival of Blacks. As well as show how black handled adversity and here is play huge part in America culture and development. The image you portray can shape a certain type of narrative in positive or negative light. Which led to the question. What do they suggest about the characteristics or implications of “the New Negro” as a trope or this new form of black representation in the US? Donal Harris states himself that Du Bois spent building it fundamentally influences his ideas about how best to represent race in popular culture. Du Bois’s editorship of the magazine is an equally integral turning point in the size and shape of African American print culture.” This quote helps us answer our question tying in both “the New Negro” and Printed Color lines that implication is about how image and portrayal of Blacks in media or art is important. As well as illustrating how image is powerful and depending on intent can be use either for good or for evil. Who is the cover was a question that has a lot of different answers? However, we can all agree that the cover was for Black Americans to combat against racist narrative. As well as believe it’s an informative tool to teach Black and other races about the truth of Black culture in artistic way. We see this with Frank and how he used the covers to teach that Black doesn’t only come in one shade. On page 66 Dubois made this statement “Do not merely read them but buy them, own them, make them yours,” he pleaded. “Do not simply use libraries but buy books.” Despite his negative view on magazine, he can’t deny people would rather have read short and quick magazine over a book. Which is why he was invested so much in The Crisis to help get the direct truth out, in way that people will pay attention to.

Author, Nella Larsen, Passing

Passing Through

When reading and watching the Passing, I’ve have always felt that I’ve been on the outside looking in. Through the two main character Irene and Clare, we have seen blackness presented in two different lights. Blackness isn’t all about the shade of a person skin tone but an experience. Hence what I think the author was trying to convey throughout the movie and reading.  For example, the author conveys a trait that have shown up throughout black history adaptability. Throughout the book and movie, we see the main characters Irene and Clare having to adapt to their environment in different ways. Irene symbolizes rebellion as she tries to fight against white supremacy by constantly reaffirming her blackness not only to herself but to others around her. While Clare symbolizes a chameleon, I chose chameleon because they can change the color of their skin to match the environment. Which is the exact same method we see Clare use by being able to become a black women or white women by leveraging white supremacy and segregation  (here environment). Clare does this for her own personal gain. These two different styles of adaptability showing us how the author try to convey black identity is presents not only in the book and movie but in society as well. According to THE MASQUE by Gale states “creative genius of stage designer Inigo Jones, the masque was transformed into an inspiring and educational marvel.” Clare embodies this by engaging in a racial masquerade that inspires and educates us about a white-passing black woman. Clare is a black woman who was able to deceive her racist white husband by making him think she’s white due to her very light skin tone.  This decision allowed Clare to live a life a “freedom”, luxury and privilege.  One of my group members pointed out an excellent point that Clare gets to live a life of luxury. As she always brags about going to Europe in the book. Hence proving that Clare married her husband for not only just freedom but privileges. However, this decision has it flaws, which she didn’t calculate in  her plan. Clare was free from the racial restrictions that society played on blacks in America. She ended up restricting herself in her own personal life. Clare understood her personal life had restrictions. The author made emphasize on this in the movie Clare told Irene that I don’t have proper moral or sense of duty like you. Why, to get the things I want so badly, I’d do anything. Throw anything away. When Irene said she didn’t give anything up Clare stood there. As the movie progress the more Clare become more self-aware. Aware that she gave up her blackness to be with her husband, luxury and financial freedom. While in the process giving up herself.  However, since Clare has not used her privilege to make any political statement or advancement towards help ending subvert system of white supremacy. This was one of contributing factors that caused her death because at the end of the day she was a black woman. Her husband treated her that way when he found out and lunge at her causing her death.  Even though Irene didn’t take the same approach or fate as Clare. She constantly had to remind herself and other that she was indeed black.  For example, in the novel Irene said “ it gave Irene a little prick of satisfaction to recall, hadn’t got that by passing herself off as white. She herself had always had it”.  This shows that she symbolizes rebellion because she didn’t want to submit to her segregation society by marrying a white man to obtain riches. Therefore, we must recognize these had their own ways of surviving harsh social climate of segregation. Even though their path were different, it didn’t change who they are.


Dissecting the “Pull yourself up by your own bootstrap” Theory

“Pull yourself up by your own bootstrap” intrigued me. The phrase’s commonly accepted meaning evolved, and now when we tell people to “pull themselves up by their bootstraps,” it’s implying that socioeconomic advancement is something that everyone should be able to do. I thought this statement to be deceptive since the wealthy get government assistance to preserve their riches and not for the poor. The Washington Post has identified how government use taxes to help give aid to the rich. It safe to say that everyone didn’t get to have the same opportunities and support to pull themselves by their own bootstrap. We must recognize that before America was imposing sanctions on Russia, America has imposed sanctions on African Americans. Slavery and racial segregation are two examples. During beginning of slavery in 1619, African Americans weren’t allowed to read, write or to own houses or land, setting Africans back 246 years until they were freed. Segregation exhibits these distinct differences from showing conditions of sections for Black and the sections for Whites. Even Buy Where You Can Work campaign and other penalties were imposed on Blacks since they were not permitted to have education, jobs, or any other kind of employment. Despite Blacks overcoming these obstacles Black communities in major cities and across America are still trying to catch up. Artist Beulah Wood is widely recognized artist in the artistic world. However, in her quest to become a well-known artist, she encountered many difficulties. These challenges were placed because of segregation. Segregation blocked her from getting into an art school. Segregation had forced and told her that the only place for a colored person in America is in domestic services. Even though Beulah had overcome all her obstacles, her turning point was being able to attend to art school abroad. The claim pull yourself up by your bootstrap should only be used when all resources are distributed equally.  This tides in with my last post looking beyond the surface post on blog two. Specifically looking into the statement what’s really the truth is not just what we see. Using the phrase “Pull yourself up by your own bootstraps” to disparage Black Americans and the terrible history behind it. This has been a tactic that has been used for decades. The history of America is a very sensitive topic that stirs a lot different interceptions. Some believe in outdated tactics; some believe in New tactics and other are being oppressed. No matter how someone wants to digest the truth is subjective. However, the truth itself is not subjective but objective. Here’s the truth that America economic strives of the backs of African American. A concept that is so ingrained into American history, that we see it playing out even today. American has allowed it business to go to other countries to fill this void. America has not pull itself up from their own bootstrap. So the question is why would anyone feel incline, to have other individuals to do so.


We have discussed that the term “Pull yourself up by your own bootstrap” is a dismissive way not acknowledging the economical disadvantages that work and middle-class Black American face due to racist history of the West. However, we are going to touch focus on the one phrase ”It takes a village to raise a child” . This phrase means that an entire community of people must provide for and interact positively with children for those children to experience and grow in a safe and healthy environment. The article “When children talk health by Jane E.B. Harvey states the importance of education in a development to children. Harvey talks about how a teacher named Ms. Tillman teach young black children about health. Ms. Tillman states that if youngsters are made aware of the importance of their own health in an attractive manner, they are more likely to take it seriously. As the article progress Harvey talks about how the children got to understand the eight basic health rules. Which are Brush Teeth, eat fruit, drink four glasses of water, eat some vegetables, drink milk, doing outdoor activities, take a bath often and getting to bed on time. These children learned these eight rules, while doing an school play. Not to mention Ms. Tillman taught child health and nutrition to parents by conducting food demonstrations to show the cooking and preparation of simple, nutritious dishes. This proves and help combat against the “Pull yourself up by your own bootstrap” narrative. The people your children are around in their everyday lives will affect who your children will grow up to be. Some in the mainstream would teach that we should “lift ourselves up by our own bootstraps.” I disagree. The youngsters in the article are students, which is the same regardless of your age group. In this life, we are all students. When we gain more knowledge, the economy experiences greater productivity growth.  Once upon a time African Americans were backbone of the economic advancement but were denied the benefits of economic advancements of this country for a while. We must recognize the truth and help push the phrase “When children talk health” instead of “Pull yourself up by your own bootstrap”.