Home » Summarizing, Paraphrasing and Quoting

Summarizing, Paraphrasing and Quoting

In his essay about the famous musical West Side Story, Siddiq Mohamed:

  • Summarizes the plot of West Side Story’s film version;
  • Describes how the play was created;
  • Analyzes racial dynamics in the work;

AND

  • Reflects on his own response to the film as a Guyanese American.

This is a lot to accomplish in a relatively short paper. How does he do it?

Mohamed’s skillful quoting, paraphrasing and summarizing is the key to his success.

Read the passages and commentary below for discussion of how he uses each of these tools to move quickly from one idea to the next.

Example 1:

However, a main cause for concern was the creators’ distance from their source material. Stephen Sondheim was quoted saying, “I’ve never been that poor and I’ve never even known a Puerto Rican” (Zadan 11-12). This fact in particular intensified my split between fully loving the film version of West Side Story and questioning the film’s possible use of stereotyping.

This passage is one of a couple of examples in this paper of Mohamed’s skillful use of summarizing or paraphrasing and quotation in combination with each other.

The first sentence is a summary of a widely discussed idea about the creation of West Side Story—that Stephen Sondheim, the writer of the musical, was not very familiar with the kinds of people (i.e. the “source material”) he was writing about.

It is also is a perfect introduction to the second sentence, a quote from Sondheim. Here, Sondheim expresses this same idea in his own words.

Reading Sondheim’s words, the reader gains an even clearer understanding of the same idea – the idea Sondheim was not very familiar with the kinds of people he was writing about.

In these two sentences, summarizing and quoting work together to help the reader understand an idea.

In the third sentence, Mohamed responds to the idea he has introduced. And because of the work he’s done with summarizing and quoting, we know exactly what he’s responding to.

Example 2:

Tony, upon meeting Maria at a ballroom dance (which was considered neutral territory for both the Jets and Sharks), found that their love could not coexist in a realm of hatred and racial intolerance. This main conflict thus led to their hidden relationship and also the struggle to keep the relationship alive amidst the racial tension. Although their love was the main conflict, additional conflicts were in place.

Because Mohamed has written this paper for an audience that he knows may not be familiar with West Side Story, he includes some summary of West Side Story’s plot. In this passage, he efficiently summarizes the central conflict of the story. Notice how much information he includes in just three sentences.

Example 3:

What Anita and her friends expounded upon within “America” were the opportunities and ideals that the United States were based upon. However, what were declared through Chakiris’ character were the actualized emotions of being an immigrant. As the back and forth occurred, Bernardo’s character often addressed the flaws within the stated ideals: Anita claimed “Lots of new housing with more space”; in juxtaposition, Bernardo stated, “Lots of doors slamming in our face.”

Here, again, Mohamed uses summary and quotation in combination with each other. In one sentence, he explains that the song “America” reflected the idealized way of looking at America Anita shared with her friends. In the next, he contrasts this way of looking at America with Chakiris’.

Because of Mohamed’s summary, we understand the contrast between the ideas of Chakiris and Anita even before we encounter the very well chosen quotations from both characters that reflect their contrasting views.

Example 4:

In “West Side Story, A Puerto Rican Reading of ‘America’,” Sandoval-Sánchez proclaimed that the reason behind writing his article was the cheering of Anglo-Americans who only knew about Puerto Ricans from what they saw in theaters. He stated that not only were the lyrics to “America” distanced from the emotions of Puerto Ricans and himself, but he also found the number to have “an iconic ideological articulation of the stereotype and identity of Puerto Rican immigrants in the U.S.A.” (Sandoval-Sánchez).

In this passage, Mohamed summarizes, paraphrases and uses quotation.

He uses summary to capture the motivation Sandoval-Sánchez states for writing his article – he wrote it as a response to the cheering he witnessed by Anglo-Americans.

In the next sentence, Mohamed introduces two ideas about the song, “America.” Mohamed paraphrases one idea and quotes the other.

In the paraphrase, Mohamed uses his own words to describe one of Sanchez’s ideas. He chooses to quote the other idea because he wants to capture the scathing tone of Sandoval-Sánchez’s language in Sandoval-Sánchez’s criticism of the song, “America.”

Next steps

One of Siddiq Mohamed’s most effective techniques in this paper involves his use of summary to introduce quotations, which we see at work in examples 1 and 3.

To use this technique in your next paper, use these two steps:

1)   After you select the quotations you’ll use for your paper, write a brief, one or two-sentence summary for each quotation. (for guidance on how to select quotes, see John Baran’s paper)

2)   Insert your summaries before the quotations they summarize.

Keep in mind that any quote you use should be properly introduced. Your introductions to your quotes will come between your summaries and the quotes. See example 1: “Stephen Sondheim was quoted saying” is Mohamed’s introduction to the quote he has just summarized.

20 Responses to “Summarizing, Paraphrasing and Quoting”

  1. […] To read about how Siddiq Mohamed uses summarizing, paraphrasing, and quoting in his essay, click here. […]

  2. fispos says:

    fispos

    airmaxgriffey, tarimbasin,

  3. nike 2014 flyknit air max orange blue black women women

    nike free run 2 dark green gray running shoe mensadidas nmd r1 sand womens b58x9266sneakersnstuff and adidas go golfingzoom hyperrev basketball shoes

  4. mens nike roshe run gray black flyknit and style

    classic nike 833132 001 mens classic shoes mayfly woven online shoppingnike air max 270 white orangenike dark halloween dunks premium glow in thenike dunk high olympic

  5. buy cheap kd 8 elite black gold

    nike classic cortez embroidery black whitenike nike fragment design air zoom tennis classic sneakers2017 air jordan retro xxx1 gs fine printfor sale 2017 nike nike kobe a d black gold red

  6. new fashion womens nike air max 90 shoes pink grey uc81402

    nike air jordan 13 retro og black altitude green 2nike tiempo legend crimson1989 nike air flight high original wh blk grey 03bottomair jordan 3 jth chocolate black

  7. unicorn onesie penneys

    Can I just say what a relief to uncover somebody who actually understands what they are talking about on the web. You actually know how to bring an issue to light and make it important. More people must check this out and understand this side of the st…

  8. animal onesie with feet

    It’s going to be end of mine day, but before finish I am reading this impressive piece of writing to increase my experience.

  9. dragon onesie for adults

    Have you ever considered publishing an e-book or guest authoring on other blogs? I have a blog centered on the same ideas you discuss and would really like to have you share some stories/information. I know my audience would appreciate your work. If yo…

  10. footed onesies for adults

    Thanks in favor of sharing such a good thought, post is fastidious, thats why i have read it entirely

  11. nike air max 270 white black total orange

    nike kobe 9 low mens black red new arrivalnike dunk low silt red silt rednike black white air max flypositenike air jordan shoes 1 for men black white blue black

  12. outlet online nike air max 90 em shoes all lakeblue

    nike air max penny june 30 2018nike free 3.0 v5 womens yellow black shoesnike air max 90 west huarachenew air jordan 10 retro black white stealth 2018 best

  13. nike mens air vapormax 95 neon black volt medium ash

    discount nike hyperrev kyrie black dark blue basketball shoesadidas stan smith cutoutcheap mens nike air span ii black white discountbuy nike blazer liberty packnike blazer with skinny jeans

  14. asics gel lyte iii women s peach beige

    air jordan one6one7 videovans unisex authentic core classic sneakers 6.5 b m us women 5 d m us men black blackadidas originals n 5923 w shoesreebok x distinct life bolton dv 3 nov 2016

  15. shop mens nike shox oz 801 kpu tpu shoes white black sale clearance

    nike shox gravity gunsmoke nike shox gravity white black coming soonmens nike air max 2015 black white blue running shoesnew balance fresh foam 1165 komen grey womens walking shoesunder armour curry 2 all star white gold red

  16. nike zoom fly black white 880848 001 03

    nike air huarache womensnike tiempo legend vi fgnike sb stefan janoski max 631303 010nike neon green football cleats

  17. nike zoom lebron 9 ix cannon

    supra pilot high crackle skate shoesnike air max flair mens shoe 942236 101men jordan 11 wool black white shoesnike cortez fly motion spring summer 2009

  18. cheap mens nike air max 2017 junior white black 2 sale

    adidas ultra boost base greennike air jordan 1 retro high og whitenike free 3 0 v5 mens running shoe black red no 2204mens nike air max 97 black gray

  19. most popular women originals adidas nizza shoes cq2532 blue

    nike air footscape woven motion black black swan cannonnike running 849557 019 nike air vapormax flyknit for womencheap air jordan 11 retro university blue white for menfruity pebbles lebron 15 for sale 2018 off white nike

  20. the biz mark godwin lacoste

    nike air max 97 ultra 17 cargo khaki ah7581 300 01air jordan i phat low tuxedo packnike trainer 1 2 mid wolf grey black white2017 jordan melo m8 women

css.php