Blog post #2 Nikole Hannah- Jones

Award winning author Nikole Hannah- Jones makes a remarkable impression of the topic of Slavery; Translating the 1619 project. With the lenses of an African American.Jones mentions the genesis of slavery. Jones states” In August 1619, just 12 years after the English settled Jamestown, VA … The Jameson colonists bought 20 to 30 enslaved Africans from English pirates… Those men and women who came ashore on that August day were the beginning of American Slavery.” Thus furthering, The evolution of International slave trade in The Americas. As Jones voices for the slaves; It is also of interest to know that the African Americans “Grew and picked the cotton…was the nation’s most valuable commodity accounting for half of all American exports and 66 percent of the world’s supply”. Moreover, Jones Informs the reader that America’s greatest profitable trade was manufactured by slaves. 


Further in the text, Jones touches on the topic of ‘The history of the world’s greatest democracy’ claiming “The United States is nation founded on both an ideal and a lie” she explains this theory by a vivid demand amongst the constitution that “All men are created equal””endowed by their creator with certain unalienable rights”. However, Jones mentions how independence from the English wasn’t applied to the thousands of Black Americans of the midst. Which voiced aggression towards to constitution being written vaguely during the time of slavery. 


In cognitive, Jones gives the reader an illustration of impacts for Slavery in the Americas during the time of American Revolution and prelude of independence for the 13 colonies. To further the discussion about African American slaves in American democracy. Jones mentions “The Constitution protected the “property” of those who enslaved black people” which is reflecting on the fact that Slaves were viewed as property therefore, It gave black slaves absolutely no right to ‘Life,Liberty and the pursuit of happiness’.  All in all, despite the amount of reinforcement of American independence. None of these constitutional rights applied to Black people solely because the founding father were Slave owners themselves. Therefore, only a commendation for white men.

“the endemic racism that we still cannot purge from this nation to this day.”

Capitalism (James Fulcher)

In the beginning of the reading Fulcher starts off with the genesis of capitalism. Starting in the 17th century he mentions the English Europeans trade with the East India company. He states the amount voyages the English took in order to gain some kind of profit. However, along the way and during the process the English had taken much losses in whereas, their method of transportation had been demolished along with many working men dying which cost them more of an investment than their actual profit. Amongst the English’s trade with the East Indians also came competitors to decrease their chances in profit and economic status. Once they noticed, they decided to monopolize their trade Between the 3rd world countries, in order to control their limits of production. Thus explain how capitalism started its form.

During the time of the Late 18th century and early 19th century Fulcher announces the discovery of  James M’Connel and John Kennedys success in capitalism by monopoly. He states the huge investments these two scots have high risked in order to receive a initial amount of 1,770 Euros. However, during the years of the industrial industry of cotton, Both M’Connel and Kennedy exceed their profits due to the exponential increase of labour workers. This was called ” Industrial capitalism”where Fulcher states”conflict over wages became increasingly organized.”(Fulcher,6) Furthermore, Fulcher mentions how “Leisure was all the creation of capitalism”(Fulcher,8) where labor workers had days off to spent their money and will amongst other pastimes that involved the industry of railroads to be in common use, that also started to become monopolized.

Thus towards the end of the reading Fulcher explains that “Capitalism involves the investment of money to make more money” Interestingly enough he mentions “Capitalist Production depends on the exploitation of wage labour, Which also fuels the consumption of the goods and services produced by capitalist enterprises”(Fulcher ,18) In speculation this particular stuck out because throughout the events the same occurrence has happen. Where the poor work for the rich to become wealthier. Along with Markets with competition generated fluctuations of capitalism, which also plays a role in product and consumption for Capitalism.