Riot grrrl

Brief background of Riot grrrl is an underground feminist punk rock movement that originally started in the early to mid-1990s in Washington, DC and the greater Pacific Northwest, especially Olympia, Washington and Portland, Oregon. It is often associated with third-wave feminism which is sometimes seen as its starting point. Riot grrrl bands often address issues such as rape, domestic abuse, sexuality, racism, patriarchy and female empowerment. Bands associated with the movement include Bikini Kill, Jack Off Jill (and later Scarling), Bratmobile, Adickdid, Bangs, The Butchies, Calamity Jane, Dickless, Emily’s Sassy Lime, Excuse 17, Fifth ColumFrumpies, Heavens to Betsy, Huggy Bear, Sleater-Kinney, L7, and also queercore like Team Dresch. Furthermore, music scence and genre, Roit grrrl is a subculture: zines, the DIY ethic, art political action and activism are part of the movement. Roit grrrls are known to hold meetings, start chapters, and support and organize women in music.

During the late 1970s and early and mid-1980s there were a number of female punk and rock musicians that later influenced the riot grrrl ethos.

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