Debates in Latin American Social Theory

Quilombo and Maroon Logics- Pedro Lebrón Ortiz

Historical Context

What are your takeaways?

What connections do you notice with previous sources?


Euromodernity- the multiples structures (political; social; racial; legal; religious; economical; philosophical; educational; discursive, etc.) established in Europe, especially after 1492, and brought to the Americas via conquest (war) and colonialism.

Marronage-consists in flight from the plantation, in many cases, without any confrontation, and the establishment of a new society that was a product of the fugitives’ syncretic social and political imaginary. But it also refers to flight from oppressive institutions through permanent institutional reconfiguration (revolutions) as well as to an existential state of Being outside of colonial estrauctures (coloniality.) (2)

Sociogenic Marronage-It operates within Euromodernity, seeking to excise remnants of coloniality through permanent institutional change. It refers to permanent institutional change. It seeks a material restructuring through a reconfiguration of the foundations of the Euromodern world (for example the Haitian Revolution). (2,3,8)

Analectical Marronage- denotes resistance to the coloniality of being. The coloniality of being refers to the degradation of the racialized/colonized Other to the realm of the sub-human. It is an affirmation of the humanity, knowledge, and value of African people. Made manifest in the exteriority of Euromodernity. (2-3)

Group Question

Marronage as practiced by those residing in Palmares, for example, can be characterized as analectical marronage inasmuch as it was flight from the Euromodern world to affirm another world, in addition to flight as self-preservation from premature death in bondage. It is an effort to resist being reduced to the realm of the sub-ontological by means of flight from a colonizing/racializing world.  (9-10)

Using examples from the film Quilombo discuss how the maroons created a world outside of the Portuguese colonial world. Think of political, cultural, ecological, gender, and social practices portrayed in the film.

How does the maroon society differ from the colonial society?

Class Presentation(s)

Gonzalez,Diego A

Gursahai,Sarah Ann

Maroon Logics as Ecological Thought and Practice 

They break down notions of individualism, the foundational fallacy of Euromodernity, in the sense that maroon logics are guided by the primacy of the community for the sake of survival. (11)

The revelation of community is not limited to the human-human relationship. The concept of proximity should be understood as relating not just to the face-to-face experience between human subjects but between all living subjects. A person, being born from another person, is born in a particular geographic location, in a particular ecosystem in which each plant, each animal plays a role in maintaining its balance. The community that is revealed when faced with annihilation is a community that involves every organism. It is the understanding that human subjects, as self-conscious and reflexive subjects, have the duty to take care of life, the whole of life on the planet. (15)

How does the film demonstrate maroon logics as an ecological practice?