The Bureau of Municipal “Besmirch”

bad streets
When the streets were (un) paved with graft: an early investigation by the Bureau of City Betterment, forerunner of the BMR, prompted the ouster of the Manhattan Borough President.
In this guest post from “Gotham,” a blog for scholars of New York history, Prof. Dan Williams, who obtained the IPA Collection and Luther Gulick Papers for Baruch, takes us back to the turbulent era that gave rise to the revolutionary good-government reforms of the Bureau of Municipal Research.