Textual Analysis – This is pretty straight forward. There is a lot of information on the use of internet in presidential campaigns, especially in 2012. Our main priority was finding the best possible sources. We found many opinion articles and sites that cited others. We resisted the temptation to pick those sources no matter how easy it was to find them. We found sources that reinforce our argument and help answer our historical question.

Visual artifacts – We have graphs and tables that compare candidates’ PPC. We have screenshots of campaign websites from each election. We want to create a timeline on the home page of our website, that will include textual and visual data. Unfortunately, Timeline JS proved to be to difficult for us to use, so we are looking for an alternative.

Data mining – We are planning to use Voyant on the candidates’ social networking websites to determine the agenda of each campaign. In 2004, we found “fundraisers” being used regularly. In 2008, “change,” and “economy” in 2012. The candidates were using those words to connect with voters. We will attempt to show that the repeated usage of those words is an important strategy of the candidates.

Spatial history – We have talked about maps, but we couldn’t think of any that could help our argument. Since the “space” is online (internet), we don’t need traditional elements of spacial history, like maps. If we create the timeline, perhaps it can be the spacial element as well as a visual artifact.



I did the “The Contest Nobody Could Win” assignment. It is a guessing game, where one must guess which songs make up a very short audio recording. Please don’t post your answers so that others can play too.

I used Audacity to create a mix of 6 one second segments from 6 different songs. I used Soundcloud to share the mix.

Although my mix is useful for nothing more than a guessing game, replacing the origin of the audio from songs to presidential speeches(for example) would be helpful for creating a combined theme of several speeches.

[soundcloud url=”http://api.soundcloud.com/tracks/68097384″ iframe=”true” /]

Wizard of the Wing [entry-title]

This is Ryan Giggs, one of the greatest soccer players that has ever lived, and perhaps the greatest that has ever played in the English Premier League. His greatness is clearly shown though his accolades that are displayed as banners on top of the poster. 909 club appearances – most by a Manchester United player. 163 club goals. 64 national team appearances and 12 goals. Numerous amount of titles and cups, including 12 English Premier League titles – most by any player. His greatness is also forever recognized by his manager, Sir Alex Ferguson, with words, “whether dribbling or sprinting, Ryan can leave the best defenders with twisted blood.” The quote is located under the image of Giggs himself, his number “11” and his signature. The whole poster conveys the feeling of greatness that Ryan emulates.

[youtube http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=quI_LkMj4HI]

“Giggs will tear you apart” was coined after that goal.


I don’t know how either maps or the fusion tables will help us. I don’t think we will use these tools, because we are focused on comparing time rather than space. I actually found them frustrating to use. The Fusion Tables would not show me the location of the points I picked at the optimal view. Additionally, my entries weren’t saved properly, forcing me to make edits. The program is clearly in beta version, and I wouldn’t recommend it to anyone for serious projects. I also tried My Maps, and I wasn’t satisfied with it as well. Searching for a new location hides all previously marked locations, which might not have been a big deal for somebody else, but it definitely was for me.

I couldn’t write anything positive about my experience of making this map. I wouldn’t use Fusion Tables or My Maps unless I had no other choice. Perhaps there is potential value in using them, but the problems with accessibility make it hard for me to see that value.


Text mining involves a program analyzing large volumes of unstructured data for the purpose of extraction of specific words and key phrases.

Since both of our historical questions proposed so far involve social media, we will need to use as many social media websites as we can because larger amounts of data will be better for comparison and analysis.

Unlike Ted Underwood, who needed literary works for his project, we can obtain the necessary information straight from the social media websites.

As far as the necessity of learning how to program, I am not sure whether it will be necessary for our project or not. The public toolsets for text mining, given as examples on professor Underwood’s website, seem sufficient enough for the job.

Text mining will help us divide and categorize information, thereby revealing patterns.

In our case, text mining will be used to determine how the names of presidential candidates, “Presidential Election 2012,” and popular political issues, are being used by young/first time voters. This election is arguably is first to be so immersed by the social media, which makes it perfect for this project.

I am not sure if my response is adequate enough for the posted question. Perhaps if I came to class last Wednesday, it would have been better. Unfortunately, the train tracks between my house and Baruch were broken at Prospect Park station.



  • Anonymous
  • August 07, 1968
  • Miami, Fl
  • To depict police escorting a man injured during a riot
  • It is an original source of information about the topic
  • Yes, biggest news corporations rely on AP, even though the identity of photographer is unknown.
  • How much less publicity did the Miami Riot get in 1968 compared to the Chicago Riot?

I would try to obtain recordings of news broadcast of that time. I would compare how much attention was given to the race riot in Miami, where African-American community protested the poverty and racism at home Vs. the Chicago Riot that was initiated by the white majority protesting war in Vietnam. One of the 3 TV networks – ABC, CBS, NBC, must still have records that I could use. They might be willing to share them for educational purposes; not for the profit-seeking purposes. I would also need to do extensive research about each riot and identify who were the protesters/rioters, what were they protesting, what kind of damage did the rioting cause in each respective city, did people get hurt, and whether the protests were answered. News articles by major publications from that time might help me answers these questions. Another important piece of information to research is the platform of the Republican and Democratic Conventions, as well as the reactions of all the politicians who witnessed the riots happening during the Conventions.

Cultural Conflict & 1968 Presidential Election [entry-title]

AP Images

November 06, 1968

Taken by an anonymous photographer in NYC

– Nixon strikes his famous pose as he becomes the 37th President of the United States. Election itself was the epitome of conflict because of extremely small margin of victory by Nixon and a very strong showing by a third-party candidate. The president’s campaign promised to restore law and order in the times of public unrest, hence the double peace signs.


AP Images

August 07, 1968

Taken by an anonymous photographer in Miami

– The Chicago riot of 1968 Democratic Convention has taken away the attention from another riot that happened the same year. Interestingly enough, the Miami race riot happened during the Republican Convention(to attract more attention, no doubt). So why do we hear so little about it compared to the infamous Chicago riot? Perhaps the answer lies in the cause of each of the riots. In Chicago, people(mostly Caucasian) were protesting war, a popular topic at that time. In Miami, people(much fewer, and mostly African -American) were protesting poverty and racism.


AP Images

June 07, 1968

Taken by an anonymous photographer in St. Patrick’s Cathedral, NYC

– This picture, as good and as bad as it gets, gives us a sense of the tumultuous time period. A widow, Coretta Scott King, over the coffin of senator Robert F. Kennedy; same way he once stood over her husband’s coffin. The lost lives of two prominent civil rights activists, a presidential candidate and an iconic clergyman, will forever remain as the great sacrifices in the struggle for true freedom and equality.


When professors Waltzer and Harbison first mentioned ds106, it didn’t sound like something I would want to explore in my free time. Upon entering the website, however, my attention was quickly grabbed by the unique design centered around the constantly switching images. Those images are created by users, or rather the students of this online course. Aside from artistic element, the images are based on works of other people, and that is the reason for this post and for ds106 itself. Every assignment for ds106 requires students to make use of the Commons and everything it offers. All of the materials used by the participants are available under Creative Commons licensing, which allows for unrestricted sharing of intellectual property.

The eye-catching design of the page was not the only thing that impressed me. The content of each post shows the high level of research done and reflects the commitment of students. They accomplish a serious amount of work for an online course with optional participation. One way or another, each student specifies the way he/she used the works of others in a legal way. Like others have mentioned already, that is something we are learning to do in Digital History as well.


I decided that the best way for me to contribute was adding to a definition with the least written about it. “Passivity” had only one sentence in its definition so adding more information would be most beneficial to the class.

I started by re-reading everything I could find about Passivity in the articles assigned to us. The authors Dan Cohen and Roy Rosenzweig of Digital History, 2005,Introduction,”  and “Exploring the History Web,” presented Passivity as a danger to digital history, but their tone and arguments didn’t convince me of the danger. In fact, I didn’t know whether they truly believed it was dangerous.

I made a note of that in my definition because most of the class used the authors’ words as a primary source for their contributions. That makes Dan Cohen and Roy Rosenzweig’s positions on each of the qualities, that make digital media better/worse, very important.

I didn’t find BudyPress difficult to use, perhaps because I edited the document later than everybody else.