Huge Black Friday Sale … of gold on Friday, September 24, 1869

This was the first time the term “Black Friday” was used. It was coined by New York Times in response to the financial panic, caused by manipulation of the price of gold. The scheme was carried out by J Fisk and J Gould. They managed to recruit Abel Corbin, president Grant’s brother-in-law, to persuade president to start selling gold, and to gain access to inside information about when are the sellouts going to be. As a result of their activity on September 24th, 1869 the price of gold fell dramatically within minutes when government started selling. People lost fortunes. It had far reaching disrupting consequences for the economy, as gold was the cornerstone of monetary policy in the US at the time. Foreign trade was halted, export of agricultural products fell by over 50%.
The picture below is the photograph of the transaction board in the New York Gold Room on that day. It shows the prices at which the deals were made. The photograph was used in the subsequent congressional investigation, which was substantially limited because the members of the presidential family were not allowed to testify. Needless to say, presidential reputation was damaged by the crisis.

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2 thoughts on “Huge Black Friday Sale … of gold on Friday, September 24, 1869

  1. I think this need more validity and information. If there wasn’t a title I would not know what the post was about. I wouldn’t put much value into this primary document for I do not know who the author was and i cant read what it is for.

  2. While I do find some of the what you’ve presented here quite interesting, I’d have to agree with Dominique. It would have been great to see some more substantial information here, maybe some specific examples of what kind of “fortunes” were lost, or the price of gold after the sudden sale as opposed to before hand. But it is is pretty cool to see where and why the term “Black Friday” was born.

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