Radio News – Bolsonaro’s Speech UN

HOST INTRO: On Sept. 24th, the President of Brazil, Jair Bolsonaro, was the eight Brazilian president to deliver the opening speech in the 74thUnited Nations General Assembly. Since 1949, traditionally, the representative of Brazil is responsible for opening the general debate of the Assembly. Throughout his speech, Bolsonaro discussed how Brazil plans to change the government that according to the president is corrupted by the former representatives. Other issues such as sovereignty, the Amazon and the indigenous tribes, were also discussed. Our reporter Victoria Meschiatti has the story.

TRACK 1: Many Brazilians and the international media waited for the opening speech of the United Nations General Assembly. In face of the issues facing the Amazon and Bolsonaro’s response to international aid, it was the time for the Brazilian president to show how Brazil is dealing with these problems. Jussara Soares is a reporter who works in Brasilia, the country’s capital covering Bolsonaro’s government and she was present in the Assembly.

JUSSARA: “O primeiro discurso do presidente Jair Bolsonaro na Assembleia Geral da ONU, ele estava cercado de muita expectativa, primeiro porque era o momento do presidente Bolsonaro se mostrar ali para comunidade internacional…” [interview continues in the background]

TRACK 2: She states that there were a lot of expectations due to the fact that it was the moment for Bolsonaro to show himself internationally, especially because he was coming from a polemic wave of conflicts with international leaders regarding the Amazon rainforest wildfires. For the Brazilian press, the president affirmed that he would use the speech to show what according to him are the real facts.

JUSSARA:“…da ONU pra dar uma resposta e mostrar o que segundo ele é a realidade dos fatos.”

TRACK 3: When president Jair Bolsonaro was elected in 2018 and took office in the beginning of 2019, his government was responsible for weakening protection of the rainforest while favoring farmers to contribute with the process of deforestation. In his speech, the president stated that the dry weather and winds during this particular time of the year favor spontaneous wildfires. Moreover, he added that criminal activities of wildfires are perpetrated by the local indigenous people as part of their culture and surviving methods. On the other hand, he attributed the impact of concern by many people regarding the Amazon a consequence of fake news of international media platforms.

JUSSARA: “O discurso do presidente Jair Bolsonaro chamou atenção tanto internamente quanto no exterior por ter sido considerado um discurso muito duro…”

TRACK 4: Jussara mentions that Bolsonaro’s speech called the attention of the Brazilian and international media because it was considered very harsh. The president criticized Germany and France, especially after Bolsonaro’s disagreement with the French president Emmanuel Macron and chancellor of Germany Angela Merkel. Jussara continues by saying that there was an understanding within the government that the president could have adopted a more conciliating speech, which in fact did not happen.

JUSSARA: “…havia um entendimento ali dentro do governo que o presidente poderia adotar um discurso mais conciliador. Não foi o que aconteceu na prática.”

TRACK 5: According to Jussara, the president’s speech was important to project Bolsonaro’s image outside Brazil. As she states, even though the speech was received with so much criticism, personally, Jair Bolsonaro doesn’t consider his speech aggressive, according to him, it was necessary to reestablish the truth in his point of view. He showed the world how he is and how Brazil has been following his development since the beginning of his presidency.

TRACK 6: The president also showed his disagreement regarding other countries trying to help Brazil financially because according to him, these countries have colonial intentions and don’t respect the sovereignty of Brazil with the Amazon.

JUSSARA: “Pelo ao meu lado, da onde eu pude ver, da onde eu estava, a imprensa internacional…

TRACK 7: Jussara mentions that from her perspective, she could observe the international press, especially the French press due to the president’s statements throughout the speech and his tone. However, at the end of his speech, the President reinforced the idea that Brazil is open for visitors and he has adopted steps to facilitate the entrance of international people in Brazil, so they could see with their own eyes what Brazil looks like, an attempt to attack the fabrication of fake news that the president strongly believes affects the international view of Brazil. For Baruch College, this is Victoria Meschiatti.

Vet Tech Week – News Wrap Up


A week of celebration for thousands of Veterinary Technicians across the nation. Known as the unsung heroes of the animal care industry, Vet Techs are honored every year for one week in October. The industry thanking them for their commitment to compassionate, high-quality Veterinary care for all animals. While the majority of Vet Techs are employed in private practices, many also work in specialty areas like military service and food safety inspection. It’s a growing industry that is seeing more and more employment opportunities. Here’s Franklin Morales…with more on how Vet Techs are critical to the day to day function of a veterinary practice.

AMBI:  Sounds from the front office: pet owner talking to receptionists, dogs barking, typing from computer keyboards, Veterinary Technicians talking/organizing the day, and people moving in and out of the front office.

The day has just started at Northshore Animal League, but it’s far from being a slow morning.  Many of them typing vigorously on their computers as the sound of dogs barking in the back pierces the morning quiet.  The back door is continuously flying open from technicians walking back and forth. Many rushing to help with morning appointments. (Scooby nats) According to Alex Bab, this is not unusual and not as busy when compared to smaller practices.

So here we’re a very, very large clinic compared to most. So, for most Vet Techs in smaller practices, which I have worked in, you do everything. You are part of the surgery team, you are part of the pharmacy, you do everything in those kinds of places.  Here were more compartmentalized because we have such a large staff.

Bab has been a licensed Veterinary Technician for one year, but he has nine years of experience in the animal care industry. He started as a security guard at Northshore and then decided to start working in the kennels. He was quickly promoted to Assistant Kennel Manager and then transitioned to Foster Care Manager. After working with many special needs animals in the foster program, he gained an interest in the medical side of the industry.

I actually left Northshore and moved upstate for two years. So, I got a job as a Vet Assistant because the foster care job is very specific to this place only, but I knew enough about veterinary stuff that they took me on, and I started doing my Tech licensing school online while I was living there.

The online course usually takes two years to complete, but for most people like Bab, who took the course while working, it takes three years to finish. Now as a Vet Tech in the Clinic department of Northshore, Bab says he does a little of everything. He typically works 40 hours a week and often finds himself working four ten-hour days. He considers himself lucky since hours can be longer for Vet techs in other departments.

My fiancée is also a tech and she’s scheduled for 40 hours a week, but she’s in an emergency department.  And she is scheduled for 40 hours a week – she usually works 48 to 55.

Bab’s typical workday starts off with basic housekeeping. Checking the schedule, looking over the appointments for the day, making sure everyone’s prepared for what’s to come. Once the pets start arriving, the day quickly takes off.

Just like when you go to the doctor the technician which is the equivalent of the nurse – we take basic vitals like heart rate, temperature, and then we relay the information to the doctor, and we’ll help them as they need. On a typical day we will have 3 doctors working, so we just kind of bounce around helping each doctor as they need. It’s a lot of restraining, when the doctors need blood work very rarely does the Veterinarian draw the blood, it’s pretty much always us.

Despite the long hours for Bab working with animals is a labor of love, but that doesn’t mean it’s easy.  He says the hardest days are the ones where he has to end a patient’s life and the stress that comes with helping pet owners understand why it’s necessary.

Sometimes it’s a good thing, cuz at that point, it’s a mercy for the animal. But nobody, you know, enjoys that part of the job. The other thing is it can be difficult sometimes dealing with clients. A lot of people don’t realize that vet bills seem very high compared to what you might pay when you go to the doctor yourself. But that’s typically because you didn’t get any form of health insurance for your animal. So, if you had to go get an x-ray it’s going to cost you, maybe a hundred-dollar copay. Where it’s going to cost you at least twice that at any vet hospital because there is no insurance subsidizing what you’re paying. And a lot of people don’t understand that, and we get a lot of push back from clients, a lot of haggling over prices, and also a lot of accusations that we’re in it for the money.

Money can also be a hard part of the job. According to, veterinary technicians in the United States make an average of 31 thousand dollars a year.  But for Bab, money isn’t what made him want the job.

I do x-rays on animals. You could be a radiology technician for humans and that’s the only thing you do. I have a thousand other things I’m responsible for every day.  But a human x-ray tech makes drastically more money than I do. So, vet techs are absolutely not in it for the money. We could make a lot more in human medicine, we choose not to, because we like doing this.

One of Bab’s biggest pet peeves with his profession is the public’s misconception with what he does on a day to day basis. He says many people think his job is fun and stress free because he deals with animals. In reality, Bab says he often wears many hats. He can start as an animal restrainer, serve as a dog walker, act as a nurse, a pharmacist, and a grief counselor.  Each day he risks getting bit and goes home covered in animal hair and animal body fluid. It isn’t a pretty sight.

I think people don’t understand that we do it all and we do it with multiple species. I have a cousin who’s a human nurse and sometimes we’ll be talking, and she’ll be telling me about a patient, “I just couldn’t hit his vein,” and she was getting very frustrated and I will laugh at her and say Karren your patient has no fur and he is not trying to bite you, I don’t feel bad for you for having a hard time hitting a vein.

The call to become a veterinary technician isn’t for everyone, but for those who have a deep appreciation and love for all animals and want to help them in their time of need… Bab recommends this…

Get yourself into a Vet clinic even if they don’t have a tech type job for you at the time. Even if you have to be a receptionist because the best way to learn this stuff is to just do it. I’m sure it is easier to go to a regular traditional school than what I did, but I was able to do it because I have the experience and just any opportunity that is given to you take it. When I wanted to come back here the only job they had for me at the time was a pharmacy technician, which I had no interest in doing, but I have much better pharmacology knowledge than I ever would have if I hadn’t done that – so any opportunity you can get to learn something new take it.

For Baruch College, this is Franklin Morales in New York.


Class Agenda: Wednesday, Nov. 6

Discussion: The Power of Voices and Speech Patterns

When we hear someone speak, what are the different things we pick up on? What are the things we assume about them?






“NPR Voice”

During a recent long car ride whose soundtrack was a medley of NPR podcasts, I noticed a verbal mannerism during scripted segments that appeared on just about every show. I’ve heard the same tic in countless speeches, TED talks and Moth StorySLAMS — anywhere that features semi-informal first-person narration.

If I could attempt to transcribe it, it sounds kind of like, y’know … this.

That is, in addition to looser language, the speaker generously employs pauses and, particularly at the end of sentences, emphatic inflection. (This is a separate issue from upspeak, the tendency to conclude statements with question marks?) A result is the suggestion of spontaneous speech and unadulterated emotion. The irony is that such presentations are highly rehearsed, with each caesura calculated and every syllable stressed in advance.

In literary circles, the practice of poets reciting verse in singsong registers and unnatural cadences is known, derogatorily, as “poet voice.” I propose calling this phenomenon “NPR voice” (which is distinct from the supple baritones we normally associate with radio voices).

“He was hinting at the difficult balancing act reporters face in developing their on-air voice. It isn’t just a challenge of performance — and it’s not as simple as channeling some “authentic” voice into a microphone. It requires grappling with your identity and your writing process, along with history of your institution.”

Decoding identity on the air

Here’s an actual intro by Ira Glass: sound similar?

Challenging the Whiteness of Public Radio

Podcast: ‘White voice’ and hearing whiteness as difference, not the standard

Does public radio sound too white? NPR itself tries to find out.


The reason the sound of your own voice makes you cringe

Why your voice IS a “podcast voice”

Common speech patterns in today’s world that everyone, even men, use all the time:


Vocal fry


According to Ira Glass:

“…listeners have always complained about young women reporting on our show. They used to complain about reporters using the word “like” and about upspeak… But we don’t get many emails like that anymore. People who don’t like listening to young women on the radio have moved on to vocal fry.”

Why old men find young women’s voices so annoying

99% Invisible podcast responds to criticism about women’s voices

So all of this leads us to the question: How can we be intentional about how we use our voices to tell the best stories as effectively as possible?

Luckily, in radio/podcasting, speaking naturally is what we actually WANT. No one wants to listen to a robot, or someone who sounds like they’re reading.

You can actually incorporate some of these things that you naturally do and naturally say into your scripts. Think about how Brian Reed, in episode 5 of S-Town, has a piece of narration that just goes, “Urgh!” The word “like” doesn’t make it into his narration too often, but it does once or twice. And in the moments when we hear him talking to the characters directly in scene, he uses it much more often. He also uses slang: “narc.”

How I learned to stop worrying and love my voice

On the 19th of October, a Saturday, Bernie Sanders, a Democratic candidate of the 2020 Presidential election visited the neighborhood of Queens bridge for his rally that drew in a crowd of over 20,000 people. Reporter Tevin Fairclough has the story.

Despite his recent heart attack Bernie Saunders managed to recover and continue his run for president. His supporters seem quite proud of his resilience and quite confident in his abilities to carry out his plans as potential president of 2020. they yelled a series of chants, most notably the chant “Bernie’s back.” Here’s what some of his supporters had to say.

Gayla Leslie a Houston Native who has recently relocated to New York says: “”The people are most of all passionate about Bernie and that he is fine he is back and he means what he says pretty much everyone always says he’s been consistent so I believe in him and I would like the way the crowd was so enthusiastic.”

Elle a high school student at Fairland High says: ” I feel the energy in the crowd was extremely hyped up and everybody was ready and everybody was excited that he’s back in health again and just doing really good.”

Anat Tsyrlin, a 17 year old student at Fairland High says: ” a  big concern is that Bernie Sanders is old but I think he’s pretty healthy the fact that he overcame this recent illness that’s actually what he’s fighting for I mean like he’s lucky that he has that Healthcare a lot of people maybe his age maybe wouldn’t have been able to overcome that exactly because we don’t have health care for all.”

He managed to gain much of his supporters for his belief in free medicare and his aspiration to more humane policies.

” I like that his platform is basically human rights all across the board making it where people can actually have a life but they should have in this country,” says Leslie

Ian Blancafor, a 20 year old student from NJIT states: “I think that Bernie is the original person for the working class, he’s the best for Medicare for all and all that stuff.”

Mar Garcia a 25 year old Floridian Native States:  ” I definitely believe that Bernie Sanders should be president this year because everything that he is for is basic human equality everything that we should already have like free healthcare and being able to be who you are and being what you want to be and he’s giving a future for the generation of today and for the future generation so they can be who they want to be in they can do what they want to be without having to worry about not being able to afford it worrying about where they are going to live what they’re going to do for a living and not having the pressure of today’s society on them.”

Key Shawn a student at John Jay states:  ” I just believe he represents the issue that my community face Medicare for all. I just think its crazy we have to pay to stay alive the idea’s just I don’t know mind-blowing to me.”

People are also impressed by the endorsers he has acquired.

Juan, a Puerto Rican immigrant and certified nursing assistant states: ” having speakers like Nina Turner Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez vouch for him and remind us that he’s been fighting for us and then him coming out and laying out his plan his agenda for this country everybody that was in this rally that was really listening to what he was saying should have been convinced that what he’s for and that he’s good for the nation.”

“I think it’s very effective especially having people like Nina Turner come out, Tiffany Cabana who’s my district attorney and especially AOC advocating for him all these people it makes it effective because the small parts of these districts are what makes up like a voting range and this is why rallies are important to go into these neighborhoods like this and say we are here we acknowledge these issues so like the rallies just confirm that,” says Keyshawn.

” I’m excited that AOC was here to endorse him and he’s got a good group of women that are supporting him and you never hear about that you always hear about the Bernie bras but he’s got Nina Turner AOC Carmen yulin Cruz some really phenomenal woman that are out here and I’m with them all the way I’m excited about them,” says Leslie.

Many supporters were very proud of the level of diversity the rally had obtained.

” I’m glad I saw people of different ages you can see people who were old and people who were like me 17 years old,” says Anat.

His supporters seemed very loyal to him which urged me to pose the question of whether they feel obligated to listen to the opposite side of the argument.

Julia Jack an NYU student and Pennsylvania Native says: ” I would say that we have an obligation to hear the other side yes however I do not think that hate speech is part of that. There is a difference between an opposing opinion and hateful violence inducing speech. I think a lot of what’s going on with Donald Trump specifically is hate speech and violence inducing rhetoric and I don’t think that that has a place in any sort of political discussion and then I think that’s true for a lot of issues it’s not just a generalization when you talk about what’s going on at the border I do not think that there is any room for another side of the story that finds those sort of actions acceptable, But I do think that in order for us to move forward we do have to hear what other people have to say even if we don’t agree with it.”

Class Agenda: Monday, Nov. 4

Discussion: S-Town 

We’ll look at some of your notes on the deconstruction of episode 1 and discuss episodes 2 and 3.

How does the big twist play out? In storytelling terms, as discussed last class, how does this fit within the story circle/monomyth? How does it change the story being told?

Image result for dan harmon story circle"

What new conflict or conflicts are introduced? Are there mini story arcs within the larger, overarching story arc? What new subplots have seeds planted in these episodes?

We’ll also listen to some more of your radio stories.

Script edits will take place on Monday, Nov. 11. Sign-up sheet is here.

For this Wednesday’s class 11/6: listen to S-Town episodes 4 and 5.


OTA Weekly Challenges Ballroom Politics

Following the success of the Emmy award-winning show Pose, ballroom culture has found itself in the mainstream once more. Its first introduction to the mainstream is often attributed to Madonna’s “Vogue,” which sparked the vogueing dance craze, and the cult classic documentary “Paris is Burning.” While it first gained popularity during the AIDS epidemic, ballroom in 2019 faces a presidential administration that is notably silent on the issues faced by Black and Latino LGBT people, the same demographic that pioneered the ballroom scene over 40 years ago. O.T.A., short for Open to All, is a weekly mini ball hosted in Brooklyn by Leggoh LaBeija and Tim Lanvin, who hope to set politics aside in order to foster inclusivity in the true spirit of ballroom. Reporter Artan Ljukovic hit Bushwick to find out what ballroom and O.T.A. are all about.

“Ladies and gentlemen, welcome to motherf*cking O.T.A. Clap just a little bit, clap! Clap just a little bit, clap!”

I’m at the 3 Dollar Bill nightclub where the crowd is dressed to the nines, ready to leave it all on the floor tonight. That’s Leggoh Labeija getting the crowd pumped up for a competitive night. O.T.A. opened its doors this past July. Every week, members of houses compete against each other in categories like runway, executive realness and vogue. In attendance tonight are members of the House of LaBeija, the House of Makaveli, the House of Mizrahi and the House of Mugler. The House of Mugler showed out tonight, just listen to the chants.

“Mugler! Mugler! Mugler!”

Back in the 80s, houses were established as chosen families in order to give Black and Latino LGBT youth a sense of belonging. Dai-Dai LaBeija explains their importance.

“Ballroom is a place where Black young, Latino young kids would come back in the 60s and 70s because they had no other place to go. It was a place where you could be an executive, you could be a supermodel, you could be a performer, you could be a dancer for that night, you know?”

Ballroom can easily become an escapists paradise; it’s a means to get out of the real world for a bit. But the competition can get very intense sometimes, leading to tension within the community. While commentating, Leggoh LaBeija took a moment to address the issue.

“One thing we’re not going to do is treat someone of our own, when we already have a world that treats us a certain kind of way. Don’t look for someone to die, then say ‘Oh.’ No, we’re not doing that.”

To him, ballroom should foster friendly competition, harmless shade and positivity. Here’s what said to me.

“Shady stuff is, you know, fine, being mean and evil, you know, I don’t tolerate that. I think that’s what made me different from other commentators at first. I like to consider myself a really good commentator, and that I’m in the House of LaBeija, but I think it’s the fact that people really want to have fun. So when you’re leading the event, as long as you feed off of that want, you’re always going to have a positive vibe, as long as you make people feel seen.”

But being seen is something that the Black and Latino LGBT community struggles with in regards to politics and society in general. So far this year, 21 transgender people were murdered, 18 of whom were Black women. President Trump and politicians countrywide have been criticized for failing to address the issue. LeFrierce LaBeija offered a hopeful outlook on the issue.

“Right now if we stand together and fight, then we all can achieve something. Like if we go and protest, as a whole, against everything that this presidential, the person that is in the seat right now, is throwing at us, we can overcome it – that man. If we stand together, we can overcome it. His time is ticking, it’ll be shorter than Vine vids.”

American politics aside, the political nature of favoritism plays a large role in determining who leaves with trophies and who doesn’t. When founding the House of LaBeija in 1977, this is something that Crystal LaBeija was adamant about fixing. Unfortunately, she died of liver failure in 1982, before realizing her goals. Current house father, Freddie LaBeija, hopes to carry that torch.

“You have individuals that may pick their girlfriend when it comes to the judges, you know. The fairness is being taken out of ballroom. Ballroom was built on exactly what’s going on in ballroom now, which is the negative stuff, the politics. That’s what Crystal fought for not to happen in ballroom, so what we do is we stay together as a family, we go through struggles, um stuff like that.”

But politics are just the underbelly of what goes on in ballroom. Habibi Makaveli, who’s just watching tonight sees OTA to be a safe spaces. He says a person can expect more than just politics and competition.

“They can expect, like, the troublemakers in class to, like, win in this narrative if that makes sense. Like the ones that are getting told that they’re doing the most, like, that’s what makes this so great and fun just because we’re getting praise for being expressive, for being ourselves, yea.”

Reporting from 3 Dollar Bill’s OTA Weekly mini ball series, this is Artan Ljukovic.

Final Podcast Project Pitch

For my final two podcasts, I’d like to explore New York City night life focusing on a more younger crowd (early/mid 20’s.) I would like two have my episode to follow people who are involved in this so I will be interviewing 21 year old Danielle Sanchez, who is a big social butterfly and loves to party. She has hosted a couple of parties at various bars and clubs and will be hosting a Halloween party in Meatpacking. I will also would be interviewing two DJ’s who have created a party that they bring to other places.

Class Agenda: Wednesday, October 30

Discussion: Principles of Longer-Form Storytelling

Story arc: There should be a beginning, middle, and end to your story. In an episodic format, there are often mini narrative arcs within each episode and longer arcs that unfold over a whole series.

  • Exposition: The introduction of background information, such as setting and backstories of characters
  • Rising Action: Some sort of momentum is engaged. Conflict and motivations come into play.
  • Climax: Turning point for the character(s), as the conflict comes to a head.
  • Falling Action: Immediate fallout from climax.
  • Resolution: Lessons learned, loose ends tied up.


Things to keep in mind:

Motivation: What does the character want?

Character development: How does the character change?

Pacing/Structure: Sometimes, stories don’t unfold chronologically. One storytelling device is to begin in the middle of things and use flashbacks to slowly help the exposition and backstory come into focus in an intriguing way.

Music: What is the theme for your podcast? How can you use it judiciously to enhance but not distract from your story?

How are these principles the same/different in journalistic storytelling compared to fiction?

As you’re planning your podcast episodes, it might help to have this to refer to. Here’s a typical structure for an episodic podcast:

Intro theme song.

Welcome from host.

Any announcements (live tapings, upcoming shows, ads/fundraisers, etc.)

Introduce episode/segment.

Play episode/segment.

Final comments from host: Credits, website, please rate and review on iTunes, etc.

Outro theme song.

It’s not required for this class, but if you intend to distribute your podcasts online, you’ll want to consider designing a graphic for your podcast. Something simple that captures the identity of your show, at a minimum size of 1400×1400.

You will also want to check out how to submit a podcast to iTunes.

In-Class Assignment: 

We’re going to resume listening to the first episode of S-Town. While we listen, I want you to take notes. We’re going to deconstruct the episode, essentially, and then talk about it together on Monday.

Storytelling like this sounds effortless when it’s done well, but if you really pay attention, it becomes clear just how much thought and intention goes into every element of a scripted podcast like this. So as we play the episode, mark down time codes of the different scenes and sections of the podcast and describe what is happening in terms of the storytelling elements we have discussed above. Like this:

0:00-0:30 Spotify ad.

0:30: “Chapter One.” Extended metaphor about antique clocks, and clockmakers who fix them. Intriguing music slowly builds. Angle/theme introduced.

“I’m told fixing an old clock can be maddening… you’re constantly wondering if you’ve just spent hours going down a path that will take you nowhere, and all you’ve got are these vague witness marks which might not even mean what you think they mean. So at every moment along the way you’ve got to decide if you’re wasting your time or not. Anyway, I only learned about all this because years ago an antique clock restorer contacted me, John B. Macklemore, and asked me to help him solve a murder.” Exposition: main characters (both Brian and John) and motivation introduced. John wants help solving this murder. Brian wants a good story. This request is the spark that sets into motion everything that follows.

2:15: Music changes abruptly. Becomes much more dramatic. We are teased with clips of John’s phone call saying something about how “something’s happened.” We also hear him reference this “shit town.” This is very important and intentional, timing-wise, because in just a few more seconds, that will be announced as the title of the whole podcast.

2:48: We finally get to the actual title. “From Serial and This American Life, I’m Brian Reed. This is Shit Town.” Dramatic music ends.

3:00-17:59: No music. Now we get to a pretty straightforward narrative where Brian tells us about reading the first email from John in 2012. He sets up the phone call with John and we hear the phone ring. There may be some editing, but for the next fifteen minutes or so it sounds as if the phone call more or less plays out as it unfolded in real time. John tells Brian about the town where he lives, why he thinks someone from an influential family in town is getting away with murder, and about himself. We hear about the maze he maintains on his land, his mother who he takes care of, and about his depression. These details are not directly relevant to the murder storyline but they tell us something about John, who is a complicated character.


Homework: For next class, listen to episodes 2 and 3 and come prepared to discuss them.