Racial Innocence

Chocolate Me!” is a book about a young boy who looks differents from the other young boys in his neighborhood. His skin is darker and his hair is more poofy. He is teased by the other children and is brought to tears because he wants to fit in. He feels different from everyone else. His mother tries to console him by telling him his skin is, “velvet fudge frosting mixed in a bowl” to which he responds, “Chocolate Me!” It puts a spin on bullying and turns it into self love and acceptance. This book also shows how children tend to make fun of those that look different or are different. Many people who are not children struggle with being different or looking different from others.



Early American Post: Real Courage

Real courage is about having moral courage. Moral courage is being able to say “no” despite being ridiculed for it. It means your strength of character and principle is stronger than the opinions of others. In this story, there are three brothers (oldest to youngest): Henry, James, and George. Henry urges George to throw a snowball at the school room door and startle everyone. George says no at first, but the instant Henry calls him names to hurt his pride, “‘Why George, are you turning coward? I thought you did not fear anything. We shall have to call you chicken- hearted,'” George agrees and throws the snowball. George is subsequently punished for his actions, which shows real courage is withstanding petty comments and holding true to your beliefs even if it is for something silly such as not throwing a snowball.

One contemporary children’s show this relates to is “The Proud Family.” The main character, Penny Proud, is a 12 year old girl that often finds herself in sticky situations. As a teenager, she sometimes caves into peer pressure to uphold her image. Her friends push her to do things she knows is not right.  For example, one time she lies to her parents and sneaks into a teen nightclub against her parent’s order. She gets caught and is grounded. This is similar to George who falls under peer pressure by his brother and throws a snowball despite knowing he will get into trouble for it.


Abbots, Messrs. “Real Courage.” Forgotten Chapters of Boston’s Literary History. MESSRS. ABBOTT, Mount Vernon Reader, a Course of Reading Lessons, New York: Collins, Keese & Co., 1841. N.p., n.d. Web. 30 Oct. 2015


Mess: Little Annie’s Rambles

One binary post that I find compelling is Adult versus Child. A moment in “Little Annie’s Rambles” that messes with this binary is the part where the unknown man describes himself with little Annie.

“One walks in black attire, with a measured step, and a heavy brow, and his thoughtful eyes bent down, while the gay little girl trips lightly along, as if she were forced to keep hold of my hand, lest her feet should dance away from the earth.”

This moment differentiates adulthood and childhood through many clear, physical characteristics: eyes, clothes, color. It also includes the way in which the two carry themselves. The adult wearing black is more cautious than the child. His every step is measured to avoid problems. He walks carefully with a formal and serious expression. The little girl, on the other hand, is happy and enthusiastic. She is curious and filled with wonder as she dances and skips along with the man. She does not have the mark of someone who is older and experienced, but someone who is new and excited.


Hawthorne, Nathaniel. “Little Annie’s Ramble.” From Twice-Told Tales , 1837, 1851 By Nathaniel Hawthorne, 1804-1864. Eldritch Press, n.d. Web. 19 Oct. 2015. http://www.eldritchpress.org/nh/annie.html




Binary: Rollo at Play, In the Woods.

One clear binary in “Rollo at Play: In the Woods” is right versus wrong. This binary plays out well when Jonas decides that both Rollo and James are at fault. James assumes authority over the wigwam when it is not his, but Rollo should be kind to his guest and let him decide the window design.

“The boys looked guilty and ashamed, but they did not feel really penitent. They were not cordially reconciled. Neither was willing to give up.”

They could not build the window because they could not decide on one together. Since both are wrong, neither received what they wanted. By the end of the story after they behaved well with each other they wanted to build the other person’s window. They realized they could actually build two windows. Since both of them are in the right now they both got what they wanted.

Abbott, Jacob Rollo at Play, or, Safe Amusements, Boston: Thomas H. Webb &Co., 1838. 19 Oct. 2015.


Mess B: Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland

One binary post that I find compelling from the week before is dreams versus reality. A moment in “Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland” that relates to this binary is when Alice’s older sister starts to dream of Wonderland.

“So she sat on with closed eyes, and half believed herself in Wonderland,though she knew she had but to open them again, and all would change to dull reality–the grass would be only rustling in the wind, and the pool rippling to the waving of the reeds- the rattling teacups would change to the tinkling sheep-bells […] and all the other queer noises, would change (she knew) to the confused clamour of the busy farm-yard–while the lowing of the cattle in the distance would take the place of the Mock Turtle’s heavy sobs.”

This moment addresses the binary, dreams versus reality, from the point of view of someone who longs for a more abstract world, but is highly aware of things as they actually exist. She is stuck between half believing herself in Wonderland, although she knows it will only last for a moment longer in her mind. It is clear from the older sister that dreaming is a gift of childhood that can be given to others by storytelling while reality is dull and much less bright and more orderly than how we want to imagine it.


Carroll, Lewis. The Annotated Alice: Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland & Through the Looking Glass. New York: C.N. Potter, 1960. Guttenberg.org. 19 May 2009. Web. 21 Sept. 2015.


Binary A: Alice in Wonderland

One binary I noticed when I read "Alice in Wonderland" is big vs small. Alice's size continuously changes, which gives her an identity crisis. Identity is also a recurring theme in "Alice in Wonderland." In chapter five, Alice is very simply asked, "who are you?" which she struggles to answer. 

"'Who are you?' said the Caterpillar. This was not an encouraging opening for a conversation. Alice replied,rather shyly, 'I hardly know, sir, just at present--at least I know who I was when I got up this morning, but I think I must have been changed several times since then[...]I'm afraid I can't put it more clearly,' Alice replied very politely,'for I can't understand it myself to begin with; and being so many
different sizes in a day is very confusing.'"

She also goes on to tell the caterpillar he may understand her confusion better when he turns into a chrysalis and then a butterfly, but the caterpillar disagrees. Alice is continuously mistaken throughout the story as anything other than a little girl. She is confused because no one else labels her as a little girl, which is what she is used to. She is used to being labeled by society as a little girl and when she is being labelled as so many different things by different creatures she questions whether she actually is a little girl. Although, a "little girl" is just a man made term meant to identify people. Although her exterior surface changes and it definitely does not help her with her identity crisis, her thoughts and feelings are still hers. She works through understanding herself outside of what people see and assume, but she struggles in the beginning.
Work Cited: Carroll, Lewis. The Annotated Alice: Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland & Through the Looking Glass. New York: C.N. Potter, 1960. Guttenberg.org. 19 May 2009. Web. 16 Sept. 2015

Child As a Site: Little Red Riding Hood

The adult desire in the “Little Red Riding Hood” is seducing a young girl and tricking her into bed. The story shows that not all wolves appear as wild beasts, but as gentlemen. The sexual undertones are very apparent. For example, the French idiom for a girl losing her virginity is, “elle avoit vu le loup.” In other words, she has seen the wolf. Little Red Riding is also wearing red until the end of the story when she strips naked and jumps into bed. The young girl also does not know any better and tells the wolf of her whereabouts upon meeting him for the first time. Specifically, the wolf asks the little girl where she is heading and gives him the exact location of her grandmother’s house, “A good quarter of a league farther on in the wood; her house stands under the three large oak-trees, the nut-trees are just below; you surely must know it.” The adult desire in this story is enacted through a wolf that acts gentle and tricks a young, naive girl. 
Perrault, Charles. “Little Red Riding Hood.” Folk and Fairy Tales. Eds. Martin Hallet and Barbara Karasek. 3rd Edition. Toronto: Broadview Press.

How to Read Children’s Literature: “The Three Sisters with the Glass Hearts”

What a Reader Is Asked to Know

About Life

  • If you get hurt early and learn from it, you can still be successful in the long run
  • Be careful with fragile things and who you choose to trust with fragile things

About Language

  • How to read with punctuation and grammar
  • How to read between the lines and understand the bigger idea
  • What is a metaphor

About Literature

  • The lesson does not always derive from the main character
  • There is a lesson at the end of a fable
  • The lesson may be told in a metaphor

What a Reader Is Asked to Do

  • Learn the main lesson from the characters in the story


Who is the implied reader of the text?

The implied readers of this text can be children and adults. Th story is not too short, but it is simple enough for children to understand. The lesson at the end is also disguised in a metaphor. Although it is meant to be a children’s story both children and adults can learn a valuable lesson from the three sisters.




There was once a man who had fine houses, both in town and country, a deal of silver and gold plate, embroidered furniture, and coaches gilded all over with gold. But this man was so unlucky as to have a blue beard, which made him so frightfully ugly that all the women and girls ran away from him.

One of his neighbors, a lady of quality, had two daughters who were perfect beauties. He desired of her one of them in marriage, leaving to her choice which of the two she would bestow on him. Neither of them would have him, and they sent him backwards and forwards from one to the other, not being able to bear the thoughts of marrying a man who had a blue beard. Adding to their disgust and aversion was the fact that he already had been married to several wives, and nobody knew what had become of them.

Blue Beard, to engage their affection, took them, with their mother and three or four ladies of their acquaintance, with other young people of the neighborhood, to one of his country houses, where they stayed a whole week.

The time was filled with parties, hunting, fishing, dancing, mirth, and feasting. Nobody went to bed, but all passed the night in rallying and joking with each other. In short, everything succeeded so well that the youngest daughter began to think that the man’s beard was not so very blue after all, and that he was a mighty civil gentleman.

As soon as they returned home, the marriage was concluded. About a month afterwards, Blue Beard told his wife that he was obliged to take a country journey for six weeks at least, about affairs of very great consequence. He desired her to divert herself in his absence, to send for her friends and acquaintances, to take them into the country, if she pleased, and to make good cheer wherever she was.

“Here,” said he,” are the keys to the two great wardrobes, wherein I have my best furniture. These are to my silver and gold plate, which is not everyday in use. These open my strongboxes, which hold my money, both gold and silver; these my caskets of jewels. And this is the master key to all my apartments. But as for this little one here, it is the key to the closet at the end of the great hall on the ground floor. Open them all; go into each and every one of them, except that little closet, which I forbid you, and forbid it in such a manner that, if you happen to open it, you may expect my just anger and resentment.”

She promised to observe, very exactly, whatever he had ordered. Then he, after having embraced her, got into his coach and proceeded on his journey.

Her neighbors and good friends did not wait to be sent for by the newly married lady. They were impatient to see all the rich furniture of her house, and had not dared to come while her husband was there, because of his blue beard, which frightened them. They ran through all the rooms, closets, and wardrobes, which were all so fine and rich that they seemed to surpass one another.

After that, they went up into the two great rooms, which contained the best and richest furniture. They could not sufficiently admire the number and beauty of the tapestry, beds, couches, cabinets, stands, tables, and looking glasses, in which you might see yourself from head to foot; some of them were framed with glass, others with silver, plain and gilded, the finest and most magnificent that they had ever seen.

They ceased not to extol and envy the happiness of their friend, who in the meantime in no way diverted herself in looking upon all these rich things, because of the impatience she had to go and open the closet on the ground floor. She was so much pressed by her curiosity that, without considering that it was very uncivil for her to leave her company, she went down a little back staircase, and with such excessive haste that she nearly fell and broke her neck.

Having come to the closet door, she made a stop for some time, thinking about her husband’s orders, and considering what unhappiness might attend her if she was disobedient; but the temptation was so strong that she could not overcome it. She then took the little key, and opened it, trembling. At first she could not see anything plainly, because the windows were shut. After some moments she began to perceive that the floor was all covered over with clotted blood, on which lay the bodies of several dead women, ranged against the walls. (These were all the wives whom Blue Beard had married and murdered, one after another.) She thought she should have died for fear, and the key, which she, pulled out of the lock, fell out of her hand.

After having somewhat recovered her surprise, she picked up the key, locked the door, and went upstairs into her chamber to recover; but she could not, so much was she frightened. Having observed that the key to the closet was stained with blood, she tried two or three times to wipe it off; but the blood would not come out; in vain did she wash it, and even rub it with soap and sand. The blood still remained, for the key was magical and she could never make it quite clean; when the blood was gone off from one side, it came again on the other.

Blue Beard returned from his journey the same evening, saying that he had received letters upon the road, informing him that the affair he went about had concluded to his advantage. His wife did all she could to convince him that she was extremely happy about his speedy return.

The next morning he asked her for the keys, which she gave him, but with such a trembling hand that he easily guessed what had happened.

“What!” said he, “is not the key of my closet among the rest?”

“I must,” said she, “have left it upstairs upon the table.”

“Fail not,” said Blue Beard, “to bring it to me at once.”

After several goings backwards and forwards, she was forced to bring him the key. Blue Beard, having very attentively considered it, said to his wife, “Why is there blood on the key?”

“I do not know,” cried the poor woman, paler than death.

“You do not know!” replied Blue Beard. “I very well know. You went into the closet, did you not? Very well, madam; you shall go back, and take your place among the ladies you saw there.”

Upon this she threw herself at her husband’s feet, and begged his pardon with all the signs of a true repentance, vowing that she would never more be disobedient. She would have melted a rock, so beautiful and sorrowful was she; but Blue Beard had a heart harder than any rock!

“You must die, madam,” said he, “at once.”

“Since I must die,” answered she (looking upon him with her eyes all bathed in tears), “give me some little time to say my prayers.”

“I give you,” replied Blue Beard, “half a quarter of an hour, but not one moment more.”

When she was alone she called out to her sister, and said to her, “Sister Anne” (for that was her name), “go up, I beg you, to the top of the tower, and look if my brothers are not coming. They promised me that they would come today, and if you see them, give them a sign to make haste.”

Her sister Anne went up to the top of the tower, and the poor afflicted wife cried out from time to time, “Anne, sister Anne, do you see anyone coming?”

And sister Anne said, “I see nothing but a cloud of dust in the sun, and the green grass.”

In the meanwhile Blue Beard, holding a great saber in his hand, cried out as loud as he could bawl to his wife, “Come down instantly, or I shall come up to you.”

“One moment longer, if you please,” said his wife; and then she cried out very softly, “Anne, sister Anne, do you see anybody coming?”

And sister Anne answered, “I see nothing but a cloud of dust in the sun, and the green grass.”

“Come down quickly,” cried Blue Beard, “or I will come up to you.”

“I am coming,” answered his wife; and then she cried, “Anne, sister Anne, do you not see anyone coming?”

“I see,” replied sister Anne, “a great cloud of dust approaching us.”

“Are they my brothers?”

“Alas, no my dear sister, I see a flock of sheep.”

“Will you not come down?” cried Blue Beard.

“One moment longer,” said his wife, and then she cried out, “Anne, sister Anne, do you see nobody coming?”

“I see,” said she, “two horsemen, but they are still a great way off.”

“God be praised,” replied the poor wife joyfully. “They are my brothers. I will make them a sign, as well as I can for them to make haste.”

Then Blue Beard bawled out so loud that he made the whole house tremble. The distressed wife came down, and threw herself at his feet, all in tears, with her hair about her shoulders.

“This means nothing,” said Blue Beard. “You must die!” Then, taking hold of her hair with one hand, and lifting up the sword with the other, he prepared to strike off her head. The poor lady, turning about to him, and looking at him with dying eyes, desired him to afford her one little moment to recollect herself.

“No, no,” said he, “commend yourself to God,” and was just ready to strike.

At this very instant there was such a loud knocking at the gate that Blue Beard made a sudden stop. The gate was opened, and two horsemen entered. Drawing their swords, they ran directly to Blue Beard. He knew them to be his wife’s brothers, one a dragoon, the other a musketeer; so that he ran away immediately to save himself; but the two brothers pursued and overtook him before he could get to the steps of the porch. Then they ran their swords through his body and left him dead. The poor wife was almost as dead as her husband, and had not strength enough to rise and welcome her brothers.

Blue Beard had no heirs, and so his wife became mistress of all his estate. She made use of one part of it to marry her sister Anne to a young gentleman who had loved her a long while; another part to buy captains’ commissions for her brothers, and the rest to marry herself to a very worthy gentleman, who made her forget the ill time she had passed with Blue Beard.


“The Bluebeard Reference in Jane Eyre.” 123HelpMe.com. 02 Sep 2015